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Full text of "Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland"

HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 




LI BRARY 



MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY, 




y 




X. 




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^(^(>^^^^T'm2ook)& 



^-' 12 ,905 

<j:^\^ a c^ ILLUSTRATIONS 






OF THE 



CONCHOLOGY 



OF 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 



DRAWN FROM NATURE, 



BY CAPTAIN THOMAS BROWN, 

FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH, AND OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY ; MEMBER OF THE 

WERNERIAN, KIRWANIAN, AND PHRENOLOGICAL SOCIETIES ; HONORARY MEMBER OF THE 

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETIES OF BOLTON AND WHITEHAVEN, &C. 



PUBLISHED BY W. H. LIZARS, ENGRAVER, AND D. LIZARS, BOOKSELLER, 
EDINBURGH J AND S. HIGHLEY, BOOKSELLER, 

LONDON. 

^ 1827. 



TO 



HIS GRACE 



WALTER FRANCIS DUKE OF BUCCLEUCH 
AND QUEENSBERRY, 

THE FOLLOWING WORK 
IS INSCRIBED 

BY THE 

AUTHOR. 






ADVERTISEMENT AND PROSPECTUS. 



A FEW months ago, when the Publisher first announced the appear- 
ance of the Conchology of Great Britain and Ireland, he hoped to have 
been enabled to publish a System of the Conchology of these Islands ; 
but he has found it necessary to abandon this intention, and to confine 
the Letter-press merely to the Names and Synonyms of the Shells, and 
the Names of the Authoi's and their Works, by whom they have been 
described. The Names and Works of three of the most celebrated Au- 
thors are selected, with particular references to the volume and page 
where the descriptions occur. The Publisher can assure those who 
encourage the Work, that one Number will appear on the First of 
every Month, commencing 1st March, and continviing without inter- 
ruption till the whole Twelve Numbers are completed. 



PROSPECTUS. 



It is proposed to publish coloured Engravings of all the Shells 
known to be natives of Great Britain and Ireland. 

I. — Each Number will contain Four Plates, with the names and synonyms of 
the Shells, and the names of the Authors and their works where they are to 
be found described. 

II. — The Plates will be printed on Elephant Quarto drawing"paper of the first 
quality, and the Figures coloured in the most careful manner from nature. 

III. — The Work will consist of Twelve Numbers ; it will be published Monthly, 
commencing 1st March 1827; and will continue without interruption till the 
whole is completed. 

IV — The price of each Number to Subscribers will be 10s. 6d. 



EDINBURGH : 

Published by W. H. Lizaus, Engraver ; D. Lizars, Bookseller, Edinburgh ; 
and S. HiGHLEY, Bookseller, London. 



PREFACE. 



The original intention of the Author in the publication of the following Work, 
was to give a Complete System of British and Irish Conchology, with figures 
of all the species hitherto discovered to inhabit the seas, shores, and districts 
of Great Britain and Ireland. Circumstances have, however, prevented him 
at present from the accomplishment of the descriptive part of his plan ; and 
he has now been enabled to give only the figures with synonyms. The letter- 
press, giving a Complete Natural History and Description of all the Species, 
will shortly appear, of a similar size with the Illustrations. 

In pursuing this undertaking, the Author has omitted such species of 
British Authors as appeared to him to be exotic. In the Cirrkipedes, he was in- 
duced to admit the genera Cineras and Otion ; which he suspects have never 
been bred in our seas. 

Every shell as far as possible has been drawn after nature, and generally 
from the largest and most beautiful specimens the Author could meet with. 
But some of the smaller species, whose existence rests on the authority of 
Walker and Adams, he has been obliged to copy from their works, and there- 
fore does not hold himself responsible for their accuracy. 

That this Work may always retain its place as a Complete System of 
British and Irish Testaceology, the Author intends from time to time to pub- 
lish Supplementary Plates, with descriptions, as new discoveries are made ; and 
would therefore recommend, that, in binding the book, a few blank leaves 
should be inserted at the end, which may be cut out, so as to give place to 
additional plates. 

The arrangement which the Author has adopted is principally that of La- 
marck ; he has however found it necessary to introduce some of Dr Leach's 
Genera, and a few new ones of his own. 

The Author cannot omit remarking how deeply indebted the British Con- 
chologist, and himself in particular, are to the exertions of his friend General 
Richard Bingham of Melcombe, Dorsetshire, who has made so many new and 
interesting discoveries among the minute species. This gentleman has spared 
neither labour nor expence in his Conchological pursuits ; and the discoveries 
he has been able to make during only a few months' residence in Scotland, 
form no small inducement to such naturalists as have sufficient fortune and 
leisure, to apply themselves zealously to this sort of investigation. 



PREFACE. 

It must also be observed, that various new shells have been discovered by 
W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. Junior, of Wallington, and Stewart Ker, Esq. of 
Greenock. 

The Author's best thanks are also due to the following gentlemen for the 
profit he has reaped from a free access to their valuable cabinets ; viz. Dr 
Leach, John Trevelyan, Esq. of Wallington, Northumberland ; Dr Goodall, 
Provost of Eton College, George Lyons, Esq. of Tenby Wales, Thomas Allan, 
Esq. John Nicol Esq. James Gerard, Esq. and John Brown, Esq. surgeon in 
Edinburgh : and David Falconar, Esq. of Carlowrie. 

And for his Irish information, the Author feels deeply indebted to Mr J. 
O'Kelly, Esq. and James Tardy, Esq. of Dublin, and Dr Macgee of Belfast. 
And his best thanks are due to William Bean, Esq. of Scarborough. 

Edinburgh, 
'25th November 1827. 



ERRATA. 

Plate I. Fig. 5, Section of Dentalium labiatum. 

Fig. 10, for tracliiformisj read tracheiformis. 

For Fig. 41, read 14. 

Fig. 38, 39,Jor oblongum, read oblonga. 

Fig. 3^, for heterocliticus, read heteroclitus. 
Plate II. Fig. 4,Jor contortus, read contorta. 
Plate V. Fig. 17, Cineras vittata. 

Plate VI. Fig 9, iO,for Balanus Scoticus, read Balanus candidus. 
Plate VII. Fig. 5 and 6,* Operculum of Balanus punctatus. 

Fig. 9, Balanus Cranchii. 

Fig. 22, Balanus Scoticus. 

Fig. 23, Balanus costatus, var. 

Fig, 24, 25, 26, Acasta Montagui. 

Fig. 27, 29, for caryophvllia, read caryopliyllica. 
Plate IX. for fig. 6, read Hg. 16. 
Plate XIX. Fig 2, 3, 4, for Cytheria, read Cytherea. 
Plate XX. Fig 15,* Clausina cassina. 

Fig. 16,* Clausina verrucosa. 

Fig. 1 7, inside of Laseea rubra. 
Plate XXII. Fig. 4, for tenuis, read tenue. 
Plate XXXII. Fig. 3 and 4, for glabris, read glaber. 
Plate XXXVI. Fig. 14, 15, 16, 20, for Sypho, read Sipho. 

Fig. 14, 15, 16, for striata, read striatus. 

Fig. 20, for radiata, read radiatus. 
Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 39, 40, BuUa lima — A new species. Found by Stewart Ker, Esq. 

at Greenock. 
Plate XLIII. for second fig. 9, read 7. 

Fig. 21, Neritoides littoralis. 
Plate XLIV. for lower fig. 7, read 10 as in plate. 
Plate XV. Fig. 27, 28, Trochus exiguus, Monl. Test. Brit p. 277. 
Plate LII. Fig. 20, inside of Orthocera recta. 

Fig- 22,_/or similitua, read ssemiletua. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



1 



Dentalium, Linne. 
gadus, PI. 1, fig- 1 



2, dentalis, 

3. labiatunij 
^. entalis, 
5. striatum. 



2 
4, 5 

7 
8 



Brochub, Brown. 



1. tracheiformisj 

2. annulatus. 



PI. 1, fig. 10 
12 



3. reticulatus, 


- 




11 


3. 


4. striaius. 


- 




13 




5. glabrus, 


- 




3 


4. 


6. laevis, 


- 




6 




7. arcuatus, 


• 




9 


6. 


Spirorbis, Lamarck. 






7- 
8- 


1. spirillum, PI. 1, fig. 


41,42 


,53 


,54 


9- 


2. minutus, 


- 




51 


10. 


3. nautiloides, 


- 




45 


11. 


4. heterostrophus. 


- 




55 


12. 


5. granulatus, - 


- 




47 




6. corrugatus. 


« 




46 




7. corneus, 


m 




43 


1. 


8. lucidus. 




56,60 




9. conicus. 


• 




58 




10. reversus, 


- 




52 


1. 


11. annulus, - 


- 




44 




12. heteroclitus^ 


- 




57 




13. striatulus. 


• 




59 


1. 


14. carinatus, 


- 




48 




CoRNUOiDES, Brown. 






1. 


1. major, 


Pl.l, 


fig. 49 


2. 


2. minor. 


- 




50 


3. 

4. 


Lagena, Lamarck. 






5. 


1 . perlucida. 


Pl.l, 


fig 


29 




2. urnae, 


- 




33 




3. globosa, 


- 




37 


1. 


4. squamosa, 


- 




32 




5. retorta. 


m 


34, 


35 




6. striata, 


- 




36 


1. 


7. loevis. 


- 




40 




8. marginata, 


• 


30 


31 




9. oblonga. 




38 


39 


1. 
2. 



Renoidea, Brown. 

1. glabra, PI. 1, fig. 20. 21 

2. marginata, - - 25 

3. rotundata, - - 14, 15 

Serpula, Linne. 

1. vermicularis, PI. 2, fig. 2, 3 

2. tubularia, - - 9, 10 

3. serrulata, - - 8 

4. contorta, . . 4 

5. spiralis, - - 6 

6. perversa, ... 7 



1. 



Vermilia, Lamarck. 
triquetra, PI. 2, fig. 1,5 



I . navalis. 



Teredo, Linne. 



PI. 3. 



Balanus, Bruguiere. 

1. communis, PI. 6, fig. 1 

2. costatus, - - 2, 3 
and pi. 7, fig. 23 

ovularis, PI. 6, fig. 4, 5 

and pi. 7. fig. 17 
rugosus, Pi. 6, fig. 6 

and pi. 7- fig. 1, 4, 20 
conoides, PI. 6, fig. 7 

candidus, - - 8, 9, 10 

Cranchii, PI. 7, fig. 9, 10 

spongicula, - - g 

punctatus, PI. 7, fig. 5, 6, 13 

fistulosus, - - 21 

Scotica, - - 22 



Adna, Leach, 
Anglica, PI. 7, fig. 27, 29 

Acasta, Leach. 
Montagui, PI. 7, fig- 24, 25, 26 

Creusia, Leach. 
verruca, PI. 7, fig. 30 

Anatifa, Lamar ch 
laevis, PI. 4, fig, 1, 2, 3, 4 

dentata, - - 5 

striata, PI. 5, fig. 1, 4, 5, 6 

fascicularis, - - 2 

radula, - - 3 

PoLLiciPES, Leach. 
cornucopia, PI. 5, fig. 11, 12 

ScALPELLUM, Leach. 
vulgare, PI. 5, fig. 7, 10 

CiNERAs, Leach. 
vittata, PI. 5, fig. 16, 17, 18 

aurita, - - 19 

Otion, Leach. 
Blainvillii, PI. 5, fig. 13, 15 

Pholas, Linne. 

dactylus, Pl. 8, fig. 1, 3 

callosa, - - - 5, 8 

papyracea, - - 4, 6, 7> 9 

crispata, PI. 9, 1, 2, 3, 4 

Candida, - - 6, 10 

parva, - - 11, 12 

sulcata, - - 17, 18 



1. 
2. 
3. 

4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 



Gastrochcena, Lamarck. 
1. modiolina, Pl. 9, fig. 13, 14 

Pholeobia, Leach. 

1. rugosa, Pl. 9, fig. 15 

2. proecisa, - - 16 

Spenia, Turton. 
1. Binghami, Pl. 14, fig. 16, 18 

Mya, Linne. 

1. arenaria, Pl. 10, fig. 1 

2. truncata, - - 2 

3. decussata, - - 3 

PANOPiEA, Lamarck. 
1. glycimeris, Pl. 10,* fig. 1 

Anatina, Lamarck. 

1. declivis, Pl. II, fig. 5 

2. villosiuscula, . - 6 

3. bidentata, - - 8, 9 

4. convexa, . . 3 

5. ovalis, ... 4 

6. distorta, - - - 7 

Crenella, Brown. 
1. elliptica, Pl. 31, fig. 12, 14 

Magdala, Leach. 
1. striata, Pl. 11, fig. 1, 2, 10 

HiATELLAj Brown. 
1. striata, PI. 16, fig. 26, 27 

LuTRARiA, Lamarck. 

1. solenoidea, Pl. 12, fig. 1 

2. elliptica, - - 2, 3 

3. compressa, . . 4 

SoLEN, Linne. 

1. minutus, PI. 13, fig. 1 

2. vagina, - - 2 

3. siliqua, - - 3 

4. pygmaeus, • - 4 

5. antiquatus, - - 6,7 

6. legumen, - - 8, 9 

7. ensis, - - - 10 

Trutina, Brown. 
1. solenoidea, Pl. 13, fig. 5 

LiGULA, Montagu. 

1. praetenuis, PI. 14, fig. 1 

2. tenuis, - - 2 

3. Boysii, . . g 

4. prismatica, - - - 5 , 

5. truncata, ... 4 



CoRBULA. Brugtiiere. 
nucleus. PI- I*, fig- 6, 7, 8, 9 

PsAMMOBiA, Leach. 
Ferroensis, PI- l6, fig. 1, 2 

vespertina, - • 3 

jugosa - - 'I', 5, 6 

punctura, . - - 7 

Tellimya, Br oxen. 

suborbicuiaris, PI. 14, fig. 14, 15 

lacteus. - - 10, 1 1 

tenuis, - ■ 12, 13 

elliptica, . . - 19 

glabruiu, - - 20, 21 

subsiiiata, PI- 16, fig. 23 



Mactra, Linne. 



glauca, 

stultorum, 

solida, 

elliptica, 

striata, 

triangulata, 

truncata, 

subtruncata, 

dealbata, 



PI. 15, fig. 1 

2 

3, 4 

6 

10 

11, 12 

5 

8,9 



Mactroidea, Brown. 
triangularis, PI- l6, fig. 25 



1. 
2. 
3. 

4. 
5. 
6. 

7- 
8. 

9' 
10 



depressa, 

punicea, 

solidula, 

striata, 

donacina, 

lineata, 

fabula, 

tenuis, 

elliptica, 

pellucida, 



Tellina, Linne. 



PI. 16, fi^. 12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20, 21 
22 



INDEX. 
Crassina. 



Arcopagia, Leach. 
. crassa, PI- l6, fig- 8 

ovata, - - 9, 10 

LuciNA, Brnguiere. 
, lactea, PI. 17, fig. 3 

undata, - - 1, 2 

sinuata, - - 4, 6 

flexuosa, - - - 5) 7 

radula - - - 8, 9 

MysiA, Lcacfi. 
rotundata, PI. 17, fig. 11 

DoNAX, Linne. 
, trunculu?, PI. 17, fig. 11 

, complauata, - - 10 

Crassina, Leach. 

. Danmoniensis, PI- 18, fig. 1 

, depressa, - - 2 

Scotica, - • 9 

elliptica, - - 3 

, compressa, - - 4, S 

obliqua, - - 6 



7. coDvexiuscula, 

8. striata, 

9. sulcata. 



10. corrugata 



PI. 18, fig. 7 

8 

10 

PI. 16, fig. 24 



Cyclas, Bruguiere. 

1. cornea, PI. 17, fig- 12 

2. lacustris, • - 13 

3. obliqua, - - 14 

4. calycutula, - - l6 

5. pusilla, - - 15 

Las^a, Leach. 
1. rubra, PI. 20, fig. 18, 19 

Cttprina, Lamarck. 
1. Islandica, PI. 17, 18, fig. 11 

and PI. 19, fig. 1- 

Cytherea, Lamarck. 

1. chione, PJ. 19, fig- 2 

2. minima, - - 3 

3. minuta, - - 4 

Clausina, Brown. 

1. reflexa, PI. 19, fig. 12, 13 

2. cassina, - PI. 20, fig. i5* 

3. verrucosa, - - 16* 

4. fasciata, • - 10 

Venus, Linne. 

1. decussata, PI. ig, fi^. 5, 6 

2. pullastra, . . ^ 

3. viiginea, PI. 20, fig. 6, 7, 8, 9 

4. perforans, - - 10 

6. iris, - - . 9 

Ortygia, Leach. 

1. subcordata, PI. 19, fig. 14, 15 

2. gallina, PI. 20, fig. 11 

3. sulcata, - - 12 

4. costata, - - - 13 

5. rugosa, - - 14 

6. spinif'era, - - 15, 16 

ExoLETA, Brown. 

1. orbiculata, PI. 20, fig. 2, 3, 19, 20 

2. lincta, . . 4 

3. radula, . . 1 

Cardium, Linne. 

1. aculeatum, PI. 21, fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 

2. echinatum, - - 6, 7, 8 

3. tuberculatum, - • 9 

4. edule, PI. 22, fig. 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 

5. tenue, - - 4 

6. zonatum, • - 8 

7. exiguum, - - 10 

8. discrepans, . . 9 

9. laevigatum, PI. 22, fig. 12, 13, 14, 15 

10. oblongum, - . 16, 17 

1 1. fasciatum, - - n 

Isocardia, Lamarck. 
1. cor, PI. 25 and 24 



Arca, Linne. 

1. Noa;, PI. 25, fig. 1, 2, 3 

2. fusca, - - 4, 5 

3. lactea, - - 6 

4. barbata, - - 7 

Pectunculus, Lamarck. 

1. glycimeris, PI. 25, fig. 8, 9 

2. pilosus, - - 10, 1 1 

NucuLA, Lamarck. 

1. rostrata, PI. 25, fig. 16 

2. oblonga, - - 17 

3. minuta, - - 18 

4. truncata, - - 19 

5. margaritacea, - - 12 

6. argentea, - - 14, 15 

7. tenuis, - - 13 

Unio, Bruguiere. 
1. elongata, PI. 26, fig. 1 

2- pictorum, - - 2 

3- Batava, - - 3 
4. ovata, ... 4 

Anadonta, Bruguiere. 

1. cygnea, PI. 27, fig- 1, 3, 4 

and pi. 28, fig. 3 

2. anatina, PI. 28, fig. 1, 2 

3. stagnalis. PI. 27, fig. 2 

MoDioLA, Lamarck. 

1. papuana, PI. 29, fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 

2. radiata, - - 5, 6 

3. Gibsii, - - 7 

4. discrepans, - . . g 

5. discors, ■ - 10 

6. Prideauxiana, - - 9 

Mytilus, Linne. 

1. edulis, PI. 29, fig. U 

2. pellucidu?, - - - 13 

3. elegans, - - 14, 15 

4. incurvatus, - - - 12 

5. crinatus, PI. 31, fig. 1, 2 

Pinna, Linne. 

1 . ingens, PI. 30, fig. 1 

2. elegans, - - 2 

3. pectinata - - - 3 

Galeomma, Tartan. 
1. Turtoni, PI. 3 J, fig. 15, 16 

Avicui.a, Lamarck. 

1. Anglica, PI. 31, fig. 3 

2. Atlantica, PI. 10,* fig. 6 

Lima, Bruguiere- 

1. sulcata, PI. 31, fig. 4, 5 

2. fragilis, - - 6, 7 
3- vitrina, - - 10, 11 

4. tenera, - - 8, 9 

BiNGHAMi, Brown. 
1. paradoxus, PI. 31, fig- 17, 18 

OsTREA, Linne. 
1. edulis, PI. 31, fig. 19 



INDEX. 



Pecten, Lamarck. 

1. maximus, PI. 32, fig. 1 

2. sinuosus, 

3. glaber, 

4. similis, 

5. operculan'Sj 

6. lineatus, 
7- IslandicuSj 

8. varius, 

9. Jacoba3US, 
10- obsoletus, 

11. laevis, 

12. spiiiosus, 

13. niveus, 



2 

3 

5,6 

PI. 33 fig. I 

2 

3 

4. 

5 

6 

7 

8 

PI. 34, fig. 16, 17 



Anomia, I.inne. 

1. ephippium, PI. 34, fig- 4 

2. undulata, - - 1 , 2, 3 

3. squamula, - - 5 

4. aculeata, - - 6 

5. cymbiformis, - - 7, ^ 

6. pellucida, PI. 10,* fig 5 

DisciNA, Lamarck. 
I. ostreodes, PI. 34, fig. 9 

and pi. 37, fig. 21, 22 

Terebratula, Bruguiere. 

1. cranium, PI. 34, fig. 10, 11, 12 

2. aurita, - - 13, 14, 15 

3. psittacia, PI. 10,* fig. 2, 4 

Chiton, Linne. 
1. fascicularis, PI. 35, fig. 5, 8 

- - 7 



2. crinitus, 

3. discrepans, 

4. Isevigatus, 

5. latus, 

6. laevis, 

7. asellus, 

8. ruber, 

9. acbatinus, 
10. marginatus. 



20 

1, 15 

16 

9, 10, 11 

14 

6, 13 

4, 12 

3 



Patella, Linne, 

1. vulgata, PI. 37, fig. 5, 12, 14, 15, 17 

2. virginea, - - 1, 4, 6 

3. clypeus, - - 9. 10 

4. elongata, - - 2, 3 

5. elliptica, - - 7 

6. bimaculata, - - 8 

7. pellucida, - - 11 

8. cserulea. - - 13 

Emauginula, Bruguiere. 

1. fissura, PI. 36, fig, 17, 19 

2. rosea, - - 21, 22 

SiPHO, Brown. 

1. radiatus, PI. 36, fig. 20 

2. striatus, - 14, 15, 16 

FissuRELLA, Bruguiere. 

1. Graeca, PI. 36, fig. 10, 11 

2. Zetlandica, - - 8, 9 

3. marginata, - - 12, IS 

PiLEOPSis, Lamarck. 
l.Ungarica, Pi. 37, fig. 1 9. 20 



I. 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8, 

9. 
10. 
U. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 



Calyptu.'ea, Lamarck. 
1. Sinense, PI. 37, fig- 16, 18 

Ancylus, Geoffroi. 

1. fluviatilis, PI. 36, fig. 1, 4, 6 

2. lacustvis, - - 3, 5, 7 

Bull^a, Lamarck. 

1. aperta, - PI. 44, fig. ,5, 7 

2. catena, PI. 38, fig. 33, 34 

Lamellaria, Montagu. 

1. membranacea, PI. 44. fig. 9 

2. plumula, - - - 14, 15 

Bulla, Linne. 

1. lignaria, - PI. 38, fig. 23. 24 

2. alba, - - 51. fig. 3 
hydatis, - PI. 38. fig. 29, 30 
producta, - - 15, 16 
striata, - - - 41, 42 
denticulata, - - 25, 26 
emarginata, - - 21, 22 
lima, - - 39, 40 



Akera, Brown. 
flexilis, - PI. 38, 31, 32 

DiAPHANA, Brown. 
minuta, - PI. 38, fig. 7, 8 

pellucida, - - 10, 11 

Candida, - - ^ 13, 14 

Retusa, Brown. 
plicata, - PI. 38, fig. 1, 2 

discors, - - - 3, 4 

obtusa, - - - 5, 6 

Vitrina, Lamarck. 
pellucida, PI. 40. fig. 6, 7, 12 

membranacea, - - 3, 4, 5 
margaritacea, - 54, 55, 56 



Helix, Linne. 
nemoralis, PI. 39, fig. 1,2, 3, 



aspersa, 

pomatia, 

hortensis, 

avbustorum, 

cantiana, 

virgata, 

cingenda, 

ericetorum, 

rufescens, 

hispida, 

fusca, 

nitens, 

fcetida, 

trochiformis, 

spinulosa, 

caperata, 

radiata, 

umbilicata, 

Gibsii, 



5. 

8,11, 

20, 

PI. 40, fig. 15, 

42, 

27, 28, 33, 

21, 

19, 20, 



18, 
49, 



7,9,10 
13, 17 
12, 14 

15, 19 

21, 22 

16, 17 
43, 44 
35, 58 

22, 23 
41, 46 

8,13 
25, 26 
59,60 
48, 52 
2 
1 
32,39 
19, 24 
30, 31 
50,51 



Carocolla, Lamarck. 

1. lapicida, PI. 40. fig. 9, 10, 11 

2. elegans, . - 28 



1. 

2. 


Pupa, 
tridens, 
frumentum , 


Lamarck. 

PI. 41, fig. 2 
1 


3. 

4. 


muscorum, 
unidentata. 


3 

4 


5. 
6. 

7- 
8. 


marginata, 
bidentata, 
labiata, 
sexdentata. 


5 
6 

7 
8 



Vertigo, Midler. 
1. pusilla, - PI. 41, fig. 9 

Carvchium, MuUer. 
1. minimum, PI. 41, fig. 10 

Clausih^, Lamarck. 

1. papillaris, 

2. bidens, 

3. biplicatus, 

4. rugosa, 

5. labiatus, 

6. perversa, 

7. plicatula, 

BuLiMUs, Lamarck. 

1 . obscurus, 

2. montanus. 

3. lubricus, 

4. brevisj - 

5. acutus, 

6. tuberculatus, 

7. decollatus, 

8. lineatus, 

9. minutus, 

Achatina, Lamarck. 
1. alba, - PI. 42, fig. 82 

PI. 48, fig. 61 

SucciNEA, Lamarch. 

1. oblonga, PI. 42, fig. 34, 35 

2. amphibia, - - 41, 42 

Cyclostoma, Lamarck. 

1. elegans, - PI. 41, fig. 28 

2. bistriatus, - - 29, 30 

Planorbis, Muller. 
1. corneus, PI. 41, fig. 31, 32 

33, 34 

35, 36, 37, 38 

39, 40, 41 

42, 43 



PI 


41, 


fig 


. 16 




- 




12 




. 




13 




- 




14 




- 




15 








11 




- 




17 


trc 
PI. 


41, 


fig. 


19 


PI. 


41, 


fig- 


22 




- 




20 




. 




21 




- 




18 




• 




23 




- 




24 




- 




25 




. 




26 



2. contortus, 

3. carinatus, 

4. marginatus, 

5. spirorbis, 

6. vortex, 

7. imbricatus, 

8. fontanus, 
9' lacustris, 

10. albus, 



44, 45 
46, 47 
48, 49 
50, 51 
52, 53 



Planaria, Brown. 

1. pellucida, PI. 51, fig. 53-55 

2. alba, - - 48, 49 

Physa, Draparnaud. 

1. fontinalis, PI. 41, fig. 54, 55 

2. fluviatilis, - - 8S, 84 

3. alba, - - - 56. 57 



IV 



1. 
2. 

S. 
4. 

5. 

6'. 

7- 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 



INDEX. 



PUYSA. 

rivaJis, PI. 14-, fig. 58, J'J 

hypnorum, - - 60, O'l 

LvMNiEA, Bruguiere. 
rivalis, PI. 41, fig. 58, 59 

stagnalis, 42, fig. 19, 20, 21, 33 



t'ragilis. 



22, 23 



palustris, pi. 42, fig. 4, 6, 7, 14, 15, 
16, 17, 18, 33, 26 
auricularin, 29, 30, 31, 32, 37 

ovata, - - - 10, 11 

percgra, - 8, 9, 36, 38 

limosa, - - - 39, 40 

glutinosa, - - 27, 28 

lacustris, - - - 24, 25 
elongatus, - - - 1, 2 
fossaria, - 3, 4, 12, 13 



LuTE.v, Brown. 
subpellucida, PI. 46, fig. 50, 51 
lacuna, - - 52, 53 

Valvata, Muller. 
piscinalis, PI. 42, fig. 62, 63, 64, 65 
cristata, - - - 66, 67 

Paludina, Lamarck. 
vivipara, PI. 42, fig. 68, 69 

achatina, - - 70, 71 

impura, - - - 72, 73 
ventricosa, - - 74, 75 

Amplexis, Broion. 
paludosus, PI. 42, fig. 76, 77 

crenellus, - - 78, 79 

Trochoidea, Brown. 
terrestre, PI. 42, fig. 78, 79 

Neritina, Lamarck. 
fluviatilis, PI. 43, fig. 4, 5 

Neritoides, Brown. 
littoralis, PI. 43, fig. 14, 15, 21, 22 



Nerita, Linne. 
tubeiosissima. 



18,20 



1. 



Natica, Bruguiere. 

glaucina, PI. 43, fig, 1, 2, 8, 10 

canrena, - - 13, 16 

rufa, - - - 3, 6 

glabrissima, - - 9, 12 

pallidub, - . ]7, 19 

mammilla, - - 9, II 

Janthina, Cuvier. 
communis, PI. 51, fig. 1, 2 

Sigaretus, Lamarck. 
lialiotoideus, PI. 44, fig. 1, 2 

flexilis, - - - 3, 4 

Galericulum, Brown. 
loevigatum, PI. 38, fig. 35, 38 

ovatum, - - 27, 28 

Haliotis, Linne. 
tuberculata, PI. 36, fig. 2, 18 



ToRNATEJLLA, Lumarck. 


Pyramis, 


1. fasciata, PI- 51, fig. 4, 5 


4.. maculatus, PI. 50, fig. 5, 6 




5. disjunctus, ... 7 


Jaminia, Bruguiere- 


6. strigatus, ... 8 


1. plicata. Pi. 51, fig. 10 


7. arenaria, - - - 12 


2. alba, ... - 18 


8. subrufus, - - - 13 


3. denticulata, ... 6 


9. ulvae, - - 9, 14, 15, 41 


4. bidentata, . - - 7 


10. albulus, - - . 16, 19 


5. longiuscula, - . - 8 


11. ruber, . . . 17 


6. hyalina, . - - 9 


12. turriculus, - - - 18 


7. quinquidens, - - - H 


13. Adamsii, ... 20 


8. unidentata, pi- 50. fig. 34, 35 


14. striatus, - . 22 


9. interstincta, - - 10 


15. labiosus, - - 23, 24 


10. obtusa, ... 38 


16. nivosus, . . 25, 26 




17. obtusus, - - 27, 28 


ScALARiA, Lamarck. 


18. Binghami, - - - 29 


1. communis, PI- 51, fig. 13 


19. reticulatus, . . 30 


2. clathratulus, - - 12 


20. candidus, - - - 31 




21. discors, ... 32 


Delphinoidea, Brown- 


22. acutissimus, - - 36 


1. unispiralis, PI. 51, fig. 32, 33 


23. glabrus, - - - 37 


2. globosa, - - 34, 37 


24. Lamarckii, - - 39 


3. depressa, - • 35, 36 


25. spiralis, . . 40 


4. serpuloides, - - 40, 41 


26. approximus, - - 42 


5. nitidissima, - - 42, 44 


27. puDctura, ... 43 


6. coarctata, - - 43, 51 


28. subumbilicatus, - - 44 


7. resupinata, - - 45, 47 


29. interruptus, - - - 45 


8. bicolor, - - - 50, 51 


30. unicus, - - - 46, 48 


9. tubulata, . . - 46 


31. indistinctus, . - 47 


10. reticulata, - - 38, SQ 


32. subtruncatus, - - 49, 50 




33. Isevis, - . « 51, 52 


Trochus, Linne- 


34. crenatus, m m <• 5S 


1. magus, PI. 45, fig. 12, 15 


35. nitidissimus, - - 54 


2. umbilicatus, - - 9, 11 


36. parvus, - - • 55, 5Q 


3. tumidus, . . - 2, 3 


37. decussatus, - - 57 


4. cinerarius, - - 5, 8 


38. lacteus, ... 58 


5. lineatus, . _ - 10 


39. politus, ... 59, 60 


6. littoralis, - - - 1,4 


40, elegantissimus, - - 61 


7. zizyphinus, 16,17,18,19,21,22,29 


41. subarcuatus, - - 62 


8. discrepans, - - 20, 23 


42. pyramidillus, . - 63 


9- crassus, - - - 6, 7 


43. subulatus, - - 64, 65 


10. papillosus, - - 13, 14 


44. spirolinas, ... 66 


11. erythroleucos, - 25, 26 


45. carinatulus, - - 67 


12. exiguus, - - 27, 28 


46. coniferus, ... 68 


13. subcarinatus, pi. 51, fig. 16, 17 


47. sulcatus, ... 69 




48. discrepans, - 70, 71 


Turbo, Linne. 


49. fuscatus, - - 72 


I. striatulus, PI. 46, fig. 33, 34 


50. cingillus, - - 73 


2. quadrifasciatus, - - ■ 35 


51. costatus, - - 74 


3. littorcus, PI. 46, fig. 1,9 


52. albus, - . 75 


4. rudis, - - 10, 14, 25 


53. crystallinus, - - 76 


5. jugosus, - - 15, 16 


54. nidens, - - 77 


6. tenebrosus, - - 18, I9 


55. Bryereus, - - 78 


7. labiatus, - - 20, 21 


56. Zetlandicus, - - 79 


8. dispar, - - - 22 


57. denticulatus, - 80 


9. petra;us, - - - 17 


58. vitreus, - - 81, 82 


10. neritiformis, - - 24 


59. graphicus, - - 83 


11. ziczac, ... 26, 27 


60. ciraex, pl. 51, fig. 21, 22 


12. aureus, - - - 32 


61. labiosus, - - 19 


13. fabulis, - - - 38, 39 


62. similis, - - 20 


14. carneus, - - 36, 37 


63. pallidus, ... 24 


15. margarita, - - 28, 29 


64. retiformis, - - 23 


16. olivaceus, - - 30, 31 


65. pullus, ... 25 




66. vcntrosus, - - 27, 59 


Pyramis, Brown. 


67. Sandvicensis, - • 26 


1 . semicostatus, Pl. 50, fig. 1, 2 


68. unifasciatus, - .28 


2. semistriatus, . - 3 


69. vittatus, - - 29 



3. calythiscus, ... 4 



INDEX. 



Pyramis. 



70. trifasciatus, 

71. truncatus, 



PI. 51, fig. 30 
31 



Phastanella, Lamarclc. 
corneus, Pl. 46, fig- 47 

40, 41 



stylifera, 
pullus, 
crassior, 
bifasciata, 



6. vinctus, 
7- canalis, 

8. striatus, 

9. fasciata, 
10. scriptus. 



42 
43 
44, 45 
46 
48 
49 
54 
pl. 50, fig. 21 



TuRRiTELLA, Lamarclc. 

1. terebra, PI. 51, fig. 56 

2. minor, - - 57, 58 

Cerithium, Bruguiere. 
1. costatum, Pl. 48, fig. 26 



2. minutum, 

3. reticulatum, 

4. adversum, 

5. tuberculatum. 



27 
63 
64 
66 



PleurotomAj Bruguiere- 

1. sinuosa, Pl. 48, fig. 40 

2. reticulata, - 29, 30 

Fusus, Bruguiere- 

1. carinatus, Pl. 48, fig- 3], 33 

2. purpureus, - - 25 

3. turriculus, - 51, 52 

4. lineatus, - - 1, 2 

5. Cranchii, - - 5 

6. costatus, - - 45, 46 

7. rufus, - - 47, 48 

8. minutus, - - 18, 24 

9. punctatus, - 56, 57 

10. gyrinus, - - 12, 13 

11. accinctus, - - 14, 15 

12. fasciatus, - 41, 42 

13. linearis, - - 22, 23 

14. proximus, - - 40 

15. attenuatus, - 37, 38 

16. gracilis, • 16, 17 

17. nebula, - - 10 

18. septangularis, - - 11 

19. crassus, - - 8, 9 

20. discrepans, - - 49, 50 



Fusus. 

21. fuscus, Pl. 48, fig. 3, 4 

22. castaneus, - 43, 44 

23. discors, - . 6, 7 

24. decussatus, - 53, 55 

25. minimus, - 25, 36 

26. brevis, - - 34 

27. pyramidatus, - 19, 20 

28. subnigris, - - 48, 59 
29- albus, - - 62 
30. pictus, . . Q5 
31- Bamffius, pl. 47, fig. 1, 4 

32. asperrimus, - - 2 

33. elegans, . . 3 

34. corneus, - 7, 9, 11, 12 

35. antiquus, - . 8 

36. subantiquatus, - 10, 13 

Murex, Linne. 

1. muricatus, Pl. 48, fig. 2, 8 

2. craticulatus, - - 60 

3. erinaceus, pl. 47, fig. 5, 6 

RosTELLARiA, Laniarck. 
1. Pes-Pelecani, PL 48, fig. 21, 39 

Cassidaria, Lamarclc. 

1. laeve, Pl. 49, fig. 1 

2. minuta, - - 2 

3. obtusa, - - 3 

Purpura, Lamarclc. 



1, 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7- 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 



CoLUMBELLA, Lamarck, 
1. laevis, PI. 51, fig. 15 



Marginella, Lamarclc. 
1. catenata. Pi. 51, fig- 14 

VoLVARiA, Lamarclc. 
1. umbilicata, Pl. 38, fig. 9 



2. Regulbiensis, 

3. retusa, 

4. subcylindrica, 

5. cylindrica, 

6. alba, 

7. pellucida, 



12 
17, 18 
19, 20 
36, 37 
43, 44 
45, 46 



1 



OvuLA, Bruguiere. 
patula, Pl. 44, fig. 11, 13 



Cypr.s;a, Linne. 
1. Europea, Pl. 44, fig. 6, 8, 10, 12 

Orthocera, Lamarclc. 
1. recta, Pl. 52, fig. I6, I9, 20 

25, 28 



2. radicula, 

3. subarcuata, 

4. jugosa, 

5. costata, 

6. legumen, 

7. spinulosa, 

8. linearis. 



18 

13 

17,24 

21, 23 

26 

14, 15 



Spirolina, Lamarck. 
1. semilitua, Pl. 52, fig. 22 

Nautilus, Linne. 



lapillus. 




Pl. 49, 


fig. 4-7 


1. 


Becarii, 


Pl. 52, fig. 


11, 12 










2. 


laevigatulus. 


- 


9,10 


BUCCINUM, 


Linne. 




2. 


crispus. 


■ • 


6 


undatum. 


Pl. 


49, fig- 


8, 9. 10 


4. 


calcar. 


- 


1,2 


Anglicanum, 




■ 


11 


5. 


depressulus. 


- 


3 


glaciale, 


- 


. 


12, 13 


6. 


umbilicatulus, 


- 


8 


Humphreysianum, 


. 


14 


7. 


crassulus. 


- 


5 


ovum, 


. 


. 


15 


8. 


inflatus. 


. 


4 


breve, 


. 


- 


16, 17 


9. 


carinatulus. 


M ^ 


7 


obtusulum, 


. 


. 


18 










hepaticum. 


. 


. 


19 




MlLIOLA, 


Lamarclc. 




ambiguum. 


. 


. 


20, 21 


1. 


minuta, 


Pl. 1, fig. 


18, 19 


reticulatum, 


- 


. 


22 


2. 


lactea. 


- 


28 


macula. 


. 


. 


23 


3. 


striata. 


- 


27 


varicosum, 


- 


- 


24 


4. 


bicornis, 


. 


24 


minimum. 


- 


- 


25 


5. 


perforata. 


. 


26 


Bryerium, 


- 


- 


26 


6. 


elliptica. 


- 


23 










7. 


concentrica. 


- 


22 



Printed by John Stark. 



PLATE I. 

Fig. 1. DENTALIUM gadus. 

Dentalium gadus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 496, pi. 14, fig. 7- — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 238. 

Fig. ^2. DENTALIUM dentalis. 

Dentalium dentalis, Lin7i. Tra?is. viii. p. 237. 
Dentalium striatum, Mon. Test. Brit. p. 433. 

Fig. 4. DENTALIUM labi^tum. 

Dentalium labiatum. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found by me in Lough Strangford, Ireland In Lady 

Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 7. DENTALIUM entalis. 

Dentalium entalis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 494 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 237- 

Fig. 8. DENTALIUM striatum. 

Dentalium striatum. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Holy Island, coast of Northumberland, 



— In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 



Fig. 10. BROCHUS trachiformis. 

Brochus trachiformis. Brown's MSS. 
Dentalium trachea, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 497- 

Fig. 12. BROCHUS annulatus. 

Brochus annulatus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me in Lough Strangford. — In Lady Jardine's Ca- 
binet. 

Fig. 11. BROCHUS reticulatus. 

Brochus reticulatus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Killough, County of Down, Ireland In 

Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 13. BROCHUS striatus. 

Brochus striatus, Brown's MSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 3. BROCHUS GLABRUS. 

Brochus glabrus. Brown's MSS. 

Dentalium glabrum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 497. 

Fig. 6. BROCHUS l/evis. 

Bbochus laevis. Brown's MSS. 

Dentalium imperforatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 496. — Adam's Mic. pi. 14, fig. 8. 

Fig. 9. BROCHUS arcuatus. 

Brochus arcuatus. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found in sand from Bear Haven, Bantry Bay, Ireland by 
General Bingham, and in his Cabinet. 

Fig. 41, 42. SPIRORBIS SPIRILLUM. 

Spirorbis spirillum. Lam. Si/st. v. p. 359. 
Serpula spirillum, Mo?it. Test. Brit. p. 499. 

Fig. 53, 54. SPIRORBIS spirillum. 
Spirobis spirillum, Fleming in Edin. Ency, vii. p. 68 Mont. Test. Brit. p. 499. 



Fi''. 51. SPIRORBIS MiNUTUs. 

SPIRORBIS minutus, Fleming in Edin. E.cj,. vii. p. 68, pi. 205, fig. 2.-Mont. Test. Brit. p. 505. 

Fiff. 45. SPIRORBIS NAUTILOIDES. 

Spihorbis nautiloides. Lam. Sijst. v. p. 359. 
Serpula spirorbis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 498. 

Fig. 55. SPIRORBIS HETEROSTROPHUS. 

Spirorbis betcrostrophus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68, pi. 205, fig. 1. 
Serpula beterostropba, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 503. 

Fig. 47. SPIRORBIS GRANULATUS. 

Spirorbis granulatus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Serpula granulata, Mont. Test. Bril. p. 500. 

Fis. 46. SPIRORBIS corrugatus. 

Spirorbis corrugatus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68 — Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 502. 

Fig, 43. SPIRORBIS corneus. 

Spirorbis corneus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 503. 

Ficr. 5Q, 60. SPIRORBIS lucidus. 

Spirorbis lucidus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 69, pi. 208, fig. 4. 
Serpula lucida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 506. 

Fig. 58. SPIRORBIS conicus. 

Spirorbis conicus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68, pi. 205, fig. 3.— A new species. Discovered by the Rev. 
Dr Fleming adhering to old shells in Zetland. 

Fig. 52. SPIRORBIS REVERSus. 

Spirorbis reversus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 69. 
Serpula reversa, Mont. Test. Bnt. p. 508. 

Fig. 44. SPIRORBIS annulus. 

Spirorbis annulus. Brown's IMSS — A new species. Found by me adhering to an oyster from Prestonpans, East 
Lothian. — In Lady Jardiue's Cabinet. 

Fig. 57. SPIRORBIS HETEROCLITICUS. 

Spirorbis heterocliticus, Broivn's MSS. — A new species. Found by my friend General Bingham, adhering to a 
root of Algoe at Dunbar. 

Fig. 59. SPIRORBIS STRIATULUS. 

Spirorbis striatulus. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by General Bingham at Dunbar. 

Fig. 48. SPIRORBIS CARiNATUs. 

Spirorbis carinatus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68, pi. 204, fig. 13. 
Serpula carinata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 502. 

Fig. 49. CORNUOIDES major. 

ConNUoiDES major. Brown's BISS. 

Serpula rectaj Walker Test. Min. Ear. pi. 1, fig. l^t— Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii, pi, 205, fig. 8. 



PLATE I. Continued. 
Fig. 50. CORNUOIDES MiNOft. 

CoKNUOiDES minor, Brown's MSS. 

Serpula recta. Walker Test. Min. Rar. pi. 1, fig. 12. — Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. pi. 205, fig. 9. 

Fig. 29. LAGENA perlucida. 

Lagena perlucida, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68, pi. 204, fig. 11. 
Vermiculum perlucidum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 525, pi. 14, fig. 3. 

Fig. 33. LAGENA urn^. 

Lagena urnae, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum urnae, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 525, pi. 14, fig. 1. 

Fig. 37. LAGENA globosa. 

Lagena globosa, Fleming in Edin, Ency. vii. p. 68, pi. 504, fig. 10. 
Vermiculum globosum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 523. 

Fig. 32. LAGENA squamosa. 

Lagena squamosa, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum squamosum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 526, pi. 14, fig. 2. 

Fig. 34, 35. LAGENA retorta. 



Lagena retorta, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum retortum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 524. 



Fig. 36. LAGENA striata. 



Lagena striata, Fleming in Edin. Ency, vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum striatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 523. 



Fig. 40. LAGENA l^vis. 



Lagena laevis, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum lave, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 524. 



Fig. 30, 31. LAGENA marginata. 



Lagena marginata, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 68. 
Vermiculum marginatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 524. 

Fig. 38, 39. LAGENA oblongum. 

Lagena oblongum, Brorvn's MSS. 

Vermiculum oblongum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 522, pi. 14, fig. 9. 

Fig. 18, 19. MILIOLA minuta. 

MiLioLA minuta, Brorvn's IVISS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 28. MILIOLA LACTEA. 

MiLiOLA lactea, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. pi. 205, fig. 11. 
Serpula lactea, Adams' Micr. pi. 14, fig. 4. 

Fig. 27. MILIOLA STRIATA. 
MiLiOLA striata, Brown's MSS.— A nev? species. Found by General Bingham at Belton Sands. 



Fig. 24. MILIOLA bicornis. 

MiLiOLA bicornis, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 
Serpula bicornis, Adams' Micr. pi. 14, fig- 2. 

fig. 26. MILIOLA perforata. 

MiLioLA perforata, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vil. p. 87- 

Vermiculum perforatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 519. — Adams' Micr. pi. 14, fig. 3. 

Fig. 23. MILIOLA elliptica. 

MiLioLA elliptica. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 22. MILIOLA concentrica. 

MiLioLA concentrica. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 14, 1.5. KENOIDEA rotundata. 
Ren'oidka rotundata, Brown's IMSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 16, 17. RENOIDEA oblonga. 

Rknoidea oblonga, Bro:vn's MSS A new species. Found at Tenby by George Lyons, Esq. 

Fig. 20, 21. RENOIDEA glabra. 

Renoidea glabra, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 25. RENOIDEA marginata. 

Renoidea marginata. Brown's MSS, 

Vermiculum marginatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 524. — Walker's Test. Min. Bar. pi. 1, fig. 17. 



f 



JPLA^TIS .1. 




» 







"^^^.x^^ 















'JH ;jf) 












Ifratyrt ^ Ga-fi^A^^ 











f^nai-anrj f^v h:i/J.i:xar-y Atfmt'urv^ 



PLATE II. 

Fig. 1, 5. VERMILIA triquetra. 

Vermilia triquetra. Lam. Si/sl. v. p. 369. 

Serpula triquetra, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 511 — LiJin. Trans, vjii. p. 244. 

Fig. 2, 3. SERPULA vermicularis. 

Serpula vermicularis. Lam. Syst. v. p. 362. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 509 — Bronm in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 468. 

Fig. 9, 10. SERPULA tubularia. 

Serpula tubularia, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 513.— Flemi9ig in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 67, pi. 204, fig. 9. — Brown in Ency. 
Brit. vi. p. 468. 

Fig. 6. SERPULA serrulata. 

Serpula serrulata, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 67, pi. 204, fig. 8. 

This new species was discovered by Dr Fleming, adhering to stones brought from deep water ofli" the coast of Zet- 
land. 

Fig. 4. SERPULA contortus. 

Serpula contortus. Brown's MSS. — A new shell. Found by General Bingham at Dunbar, and in his Cabinet. 

Fig. 6. SERPULA spiralis. 

Serpula spiralis. Brown's MSS — A new species, found at Dunbar by General Bingham, and in his Cabinet. 

Fig. 7- SERPULA perversa. 

Serpula perversa, Brown's MSS. — A new specie.s, found at Dunbar by General Bingham, and in his Cabinet. 



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PLATE III. 
TEREDO NAVALis. 

Teredo navalis. Lam. Syst. v. p. 440. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 527 — Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 145. — Mat. and Rack, 
in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 449. 

This shell was long considered by naturalists as a simple tube ; but it has since been discovered that, at the 
smaller end, it has two minute valves, which are attached to the head of the animal, and are of a hemispheric 
form, somewhat projecting in front, pointed and longitudinally striated. 

This species is well known to mariners by the name of the Ship- Worm, from its burrowing in the bottoms of 
ships, and other timber which remains any length of time under water. This destructive animal was first in- 
troduced by vessels from tropical climates, and has now become naturalized to our temperate region ; and is 
common in Plymouth dock, and the East and West India docks on the Thames. Piles of the hardest oak sel- 
dom last more than four or five years in places where this shell inhabits. 



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PLATE IV. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4. ANATIFA ljevis. 

Anatifa laevis. Lam, Syst. v. p, 404. 

Lepas anatifera. Mat. and Rack. Lin. Tr. viii. p. 28. — Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 7. — Pennant, Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 38, fig. 9. 

— Mont. Test. Brit. p. 15. 
Pentalasmis anatifera. Leach, MSS. 

Fig. 2 and 4, the more usual form. Fig. 1, more dilated, and the dorsal piece appearing as if jointed. It is 
Turton's var. A. Fig. 2 is remarkable for the length of the peduncle, and being of a deep scarlet colour. It is in 
the cabinet of Thomas Hancock, Esq. of Newcastle. Fig. 3 is a rare variety, with the larger valves more di- 
lated than usual, and with strong striae, also in the cabinet of Mr Hancock, and in Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 5. ANATIFA dentata. 

Anatifa dentata. Lam. Syst. v. p. 405 — Brug. Diet. No. 3. 
Lepas dentata, Dillw. Cat. p. 32 — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 



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PLATE V. 

Fig. 1, 4, 5, 6. ANATIFA striata. 

Anatifa striata, Fig. 1, Variety a. Lain. Si/st. v. p. 405. 

Lepas Anserifera. — Brorvn in Ency. Brit. Art. Con. p. 403. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 16. 

Anatifa striata. Fig. 4, Variety b — Lepas sulcata. — Mmit. Test. Brit. p. I7. pi. 1, fig. 6. 

Anatifa striata. Fig. 5, 6, Variety c, Wood's Gen. Con. p. 164, pi. 10, fig. 5 Leach in Sup. Encij. Brit. pi. 57- 

Fig. 2. ANATIFA fascicularia. 

Anatifa fascicularia. Brown's MSS. 

Anatifa Vitrea, Lam. Syst. v. p. 405 — Variety, Leach's MSS. Pentelasmis Elisie. 

Lepas fascicularis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 557- — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 3. ANATIFA radula. 

Anatifa radula. Brown's MSS. 

Pentelasmis, Leach's MSS. — A new species, in British Museum. 

Lepas dentata, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 7, 8, 9, 10. SCALPELLUM vulgare. 

Scalpellum vulgare. Fig. 'J, Variety a, Leach in Sup. Ency. Brit. pi. 57, and MSS. 

Pollicipes scalpellum, Lam. Syst. v. p. 407- 

Lepas scalpellum, Mont Test. Brit. p. 18, pi. 1, fr. 4. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 403. 

Scalpellum vulgare. Fig. 8, Variety b, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 18, pi. 1. fig. 4. 

Scalpellum vulgare. Fig. 9, \''ariety c. Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Scalpellum vulgare. Fig. 10, Variety d, Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 166, fig. 1. 

Fig. 11, 12. POLLICIPES CORNUCOPIA. 

Pollicipes cornucopia. Fig. 11, Variety a, Lam. v. p. 406 Leach Cirrip. Ency. Brit. Sup. pi. 57. 

Lepas pollicipes, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 6, pi. 28, fig. 5. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 403. 
PoUicipes cornucopia. Fig. 12, Variety, b, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 6, pi. 28, fr. 5; 

Fig. 16, 18. CINERAS vittata. 

CiNBRAs vittata. Variety a. Leach in Sup. Ency. Brit. Cirripedes, pi. 57, fig- 1. — Lam. v. p. 408. 

Lepas vittata. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Cineras vittata. Fig. 17, Variety, b, Brown's MSS. 

Lepas membranacea, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 164. — Mont, in Lin. Tr. xi. p. 182. pi. 12. fig. 2. 

Fig. 19. CINERAS aurita. 

CiNEKAs aurita. Brown's MSS.— A new species, found at Plymouth. 
Lepas aurita. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 13. OTION BLAINVILLII. 

Otion Blainvilli, Variety a, Leach in Ency. Brit. Sup. Cirripedes, pi. 57, fig. 3 Lam. Syst. v. p. 410. 

Lepas Blainvillii, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 14, 15. OTION BLAINVILLII. 
Otion Blainvillii, Variety b, Lepas Cornuta, Mont, in Lin. Tr. xi. p. 179, pi. 12, fig. 1. 



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PLATE VI. 

Fig. 1. BALANUS communis. 

Balanus communis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 6. 

Lepas balanus, Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 30, fig. 1. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 23. 

Fig. 2 and 3. BALANUS costatus. 

Balanus costatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 11. 

Lepas costata, Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 30, fig. 2. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 24. 

Balanus angulosus. Lam. Syst. v. p. 390. 

Fig, 4. BALANUS ovularis. 

Balanus ovularis. Lam. S^st, v. p. 392. 

Balanus balanoides, MoJit. Test. Brit. p. 7- 

Lepas balanoides. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr, viii. p. 23 — Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 36. fig. 2. 

Fig. 5. BALANUS ovularis, an elongated variety. 
Fig. 6. BALANUS rugosus. 

Balanus rugosus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 8. 

Lepas rugosa. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 25. 

Lepas borealis, Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 160, lower figure. 

Fig. 13, 14. Opercular valves of Balanus rugosus. 
Fig. 7. BALANUS conoides. 

Balanus conoides, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 12. 

Lepas conoides, Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 30. fig. 3 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Tr. viii. p. 24. 

Fig. 9, 10. BALANUS scoticus. 

Lepas Scotica, Wood's Conch, p. 40, pi. 6. fig. .3. 

Fig. 9, from Dr Leach's Cabinet in the British Museum, found in the Frith of Fortli. Fig. 10, found by W. C. 
Trevelyan, Esq. junior, of Wallington, at Hartlepool, adhering to a specimen of the Fusus antiquus, and in the 
magnificent museum of John Trevelyan, Esq. at Wallington, Northumberland. 

Fig. 8. BALANUS scoticus. An elongated variety in the British Museum. 

Found on the south Devonshire coast by Dr Leach. 

Fig. 11, 12. Opercular valves of Balanus Scoticus. 



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PLATE VII. 

Fig. 1, 4. BALANUS rugosus, Varieties. 

Fig. 2, 3, 7, 8. Opercular Valves of Balanus Rugosus. 

Fig. 20. BALANUS rugosus, Elongated Variety. Coast of Northumberland. 

Fig. 10. BALANUS cranchii. 

Balanus Cranchii, Leach in Sup. to Ency. Brit. Art. Cirripedes, pi, Ivii — Common at Tenby and other parts of 
Wales. 

Fig. 11, 12. Opercular Valves of Do. 

Fig. 6. BALANUS spongicula. 

Balanus spongicula, Leach MSS. In Brit. Mus. — New shell found at Weymouth. 

Fig. 14, 15. Opercular Valves of Do. 
Fig. 17. BALANUS ovularis. 

Balanus ovularis, Latn. Si/st. v. p. 392. 

Balanus balanoides, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 7- 

Lepas balanoides. Mat, and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 23. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. No 2. 

Fig. 8,* 9.* Opercular Valves of Do. 
Fig 13. BALANUS punctatus. 

Balanus punctatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 8. pi. 1. Fig. 5 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. No. 3. 

Fig. 21. BALANUS fistulosus. 

Balanus fistulosus. Lam. Syst. v. p. 396. 

Lepas elongata, Chem. Conch, viii. Tab. 98. f. 838 Bal. Fist. Brtig — No. 6. Ency. pi. 164. fig. 7 and 8 Com- 
mon at Tenby in North Wales. 

Fig. 30. CREUSIA verruca. 

Creusia verruca. Lam. Syst. v. p. 400. 

Lepas striata. Pen. Brit. Zool. iv. p. 38. 

Lepas verruca, Chem. Conch, viii. t. 98. f. 834. 

Balanus verruca, Brug. No. 13. Ency. pi. 174, f. 46-17 — Lepas intertextus, Turton Brit. Fauna i. p. 144. 

Fig. 27, 29. ADNA anglica. 

Adna anglica. Leach's MSS — Inhabits the Caryophyllia Anglica, and is often found in Plymouth Sound In Bri- 
tish Museum. — Found by Dr Leach. 

Fig. 28. Opercular Valves of Adna Anglica. 



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PLATE VIll. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3. PHOLAS dactylus. 

Pholas Dactylus Lam. Sysl. v. p. 444 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 20, — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 30. — 
Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 118, 

Fig. 5, 8. PHOLAS callosa. 

Pholas callosa^ Lam. Si/st. v. p. 445. 

P. striata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 26, — Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 117' — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 3. 

Fig. 4, 6, 7, 9. PHOLAS papyracea. 

Found on the west coast of Devonshire. In the cabinet of Dr Goodallj Provost of Eton College, and also 
in Lady Jardine's Cabinet. Found by my friend Lieutenant-General Bingham on the north coast of Devon. 

The shells of this genus have the faculty of boring into limestone, slate-clay, &c. An interesting account of 
the means by which they perform this operation is given by my friend Mr kStark in the Transactions of the 
Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. x. Part ii. 

The phosphorescent properties of this animal are no less remarkable. It contains a liquor which shines with un- 
common splendour in the dark, and illuminates whatever it touches. 



FiLATE , 8. 












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PLATE IX. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. PHOLAS crispata. 

Pholas crispata, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 23 Brorvn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404 Lam. Sifst. v. p. 445. 

Fig. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. PHOLAS Candida. 

Pholas Candida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 25 — Brown in Encjf. Brit. vi. p. 404. — Lam. Si/.tf. v. p. 444. 

Fig. 11, 12. PHOLAS parva. 

Pholas parva, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 25 Pen. Brit. Zool. 40, fr. 2 Brown in Enry. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Pholas dactyloides. Lam. Syst. v. p. 445. 

Fig. 17, 18. PHOLAS sulcata. 

Pholas sulcata, Brown's MSS. — A new species. 

Fig. 13, 14. GASTROCHOENA modiolina. 

Gastrochoena modiolina, Lam. Syst. v. p. 447- 

Gastrochoena faba. Leach's MSS. 

Mya Dubia, Pen. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 44, fr. 19 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 28. — Turton's Brit. Fauna, p. 140. 

Fig. 15. PHOLEOBIA rugosa. 

Pholeobia rugosa. Leach's MSS. 

Saxicava rugosa, Lam. Syst. v. p. 501. 

Mytilus rugosas. Pen. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 63, fig. 72. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 164. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 23. 

Fig. 6. PHOLEOBIA praecisa. 

Pholeobia praecisa. Brown's MSS. 

Mytilus praecisus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 165, pi. 4, fig. 7 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 423. 



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PLATE X. 

Fig. 1. MY A ARENARIA. 

Mya arenaria, Lam. Syst. v. p. 461.— iVfowf. Test. Brit. p. 32.— Ma^ and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. ^5.—Donov. 
Brit. Sh. pi. 92. 

Fig. 2. MYA TRUNCATA. 

Mya truncata. Lam. Syst. v. p. 461.— 3fo«<. Test. Brit. p. 30 — Mat. and Rack, in Lin, Tr. viii. p. 35.— Z)o??o». 
Brit. Sk. pi. 35. 

Fig. 3. MYA DECUSSATA. 
Mya decussata, Mont. Test. Brit. Suppl. p. 20. 



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PLATE X.* 

Fig. 1. PANOP^A GLYCIMERIS. 

Panop^a glycimeris, 

Panopaea Aldorovandi, Lam. Si/st. v. p. 457. 

Mya glycimeris, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 142 Mai. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 34. — Brown in Ency. Brit, vi. 

p. 404. 
This shell was first figured as an inhabitant of our seas by Mr Donovan, who admitted it with some doubt as a 

British shell. It has been found in deep water, between the Dogger bank and the eastern coast of England. 

It has since been met with in various other situations, and has lately been established beyond a doubt as a native ; 

as William Bean, Esq. of Scarborough, has a specimen which was taken alive off the Scarborough coast by a 

fisherman's line ; and he besides found a dead specimen amongst a heap of the Modiola papuana, both of which 

are in his cabinet. 

Fig. 2, .3, 4. TEREBRATULA Psittacea. 

Terebratula Psittacea, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 248. 

Anomia psittacea, Tur ton's Conch. Diet. p. 5, pi. 10, fig. 42, 43, 44 — Found by Dr Turton on the shore to the 

east of Teignmouth, Wales, after a severe gale, who supposes it must live in deep water, as he has since found 

broken fragments on the same beach. 

Fig. 5. ANOMIA PELLUciDA. 

Anomia pellucida, Brown in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 514. 

Anomia electrica, Tni-ton's Conch. Diet. p. 1 — Found by me in Dublin Bay, and by Dr Turton in the west of Ire- 
land and England. — In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 6. AVICULA Atlantica. 

AvicuLA Atlantica, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 148. 

Mytilus hirundo, Turton' s Conch. Diet. p. 108, pi. 1, fig. 7 —Found by Dr Turton between the pigeon-house and 
the light-house, Dublin Bay, Ireland. 



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PLATE XI. 

Fig. 1, 2. MAGDALA striata. 

Magdala striata. Leach's MSS. 

Mya Norwegica, Wood's Cat. p. 11 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

Mya pellucida. Brown in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 504, pi. 24, fig. 1 This rare shell was lately found in the Frith of 

Forth, by James Gerard, Esq. 

Fig. 10. Hinge of Magdala striata, shewing the testaceous plate by which the valves are at- 
tached. 

Fig. 5. ANATINA declivis. 

Anatina declivis. Brown's MSS. 

Anatina myalis. Lam. Syst. v. p. 464. 

Mya declivis, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. p. 66,-— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Mya pubescens, Moiil. Test. Brit. p. 40. 

Fig. 6. ANATINA villosiuscula. 

Anatina villosiuscula, Macgillivray in Phil. Journ. pi. 1, fig. 10, 11 — This shell has been confounded with the 
young of Anatina declivis. 

Fig. 8, 9. ANATINA bidentata. 

Anatina bidentata. Brown's MSS. 

Mya bidentata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 44 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

Fig. 3. ANATINA convexa. 

Anatina convexa, Brown's MSS. 

Mya convexa. Wood's Gen. Conch, p. 92, pi. 18, fig. 1 — Do. Cat. p. 10. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 4. ANATINA ovalis. 

Anatina ovalis. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Colorcot Sands, Northumberland In Lady 

Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 7. ANATINA distort.-^. 

Anatina distorta. Brown's MSS. 

Blya distorta, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 42. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 



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PLATE XII. 

Fig. 1. LUTRARIA solenoidea. 

LuTBARiA solenoidea. Lam. Syst. v. p. 468. 

Mactra hians, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 101. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Psammophila solenoides, Leach's MSS. 

Fig. 2. LUTRARIA elliptica. 

LuTRARiA elliptica. Lam. Syst. v. p. 468. 

Mactra Lutraria, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 99. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Fig. 3. LUTRARIA elliptica. 

Lutraria elliptica. Variety strong in proportion to its size, and in the Cabinet of John Trevelyan, Esq. at Wal- 
lington. 

Fig. 4. LUTRARIA compressa. 

Lutraria compressa. Lam. Syst. v. p. 469. 
Mactra compressa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 96. 




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PLATE XIII. 

Fig. 1. SOLEN MiNUTus. 

SoLEN minutus. Lam. Syst. v. p. 453 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 53. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 47- 

Fig. 2. SOLEN VAGINA. 

SoLEN vagina. Lam. Syst. v. p. 451 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 48. — Mat. and Rack, iii Lin. Tr. viii. p. 42. 
— — marginatus, Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 110. 

Fig. 3. SOLEN siLiQUA. 

SoLEN siliqua. Lam. Syst. v. p. 451.— Mont. Test. Brit. p. 46 — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 43.— Donov. 
Brit. Sk. pi. 45. 

Fig. 4. SOLEN PYGMJSUS. 

SoLEN pygmaeuSj La7n. Syst. v. p. 452. 

< pellucidus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 49.— Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 45— Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 153. 

Fig. 5. TRUTINA solenoidea. 

Trutina solenoidea. Brown's MSS. 

Solen pinna, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 566. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 48. 

Fig. 6. 7- SOLEN antiquatus. 

Solen antiquqtns. Lam. Syst. v. p. 454. 

fragilis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 52. 

— — — antiquatus. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 4Q.— -'Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 1 14. 

Fig. 8. 9. SOLEN legumen. 

SoLEN legumen. Lam. Syst. v. p. 453 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 50. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 45. Donov. 

Brit. Sh. pi. 53. 

Fig. 10. SOLEN ENsis. 

SoLBN ensis, Lam. Syst. v. p. 452 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 48 — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 44 Donov. Brit. 

Sh. pi. 50. 




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PLATE XIV. 

Fig. 6, 7, 8, 9. CORBULA nucleus. 

CoRBULA nucleusj Lam. Syst. v. p. 496. 

Mya inaequivalvis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 38. — Brown in E,icy. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

* Orbicular. 
Fig 14, 15. TELLIMYA suborbicularis. 

Tellimya suborbicularis. Brown's MSS. 

Mya suborbicularis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 39, pi. 26, fig. 6. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 41. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 
p. 405. 

Fig. 10, 11. TELLIMYA lactea. 

Tellimya lactea. Brown's MSS A new species. Found on the Devonshire coast, by Dr Leach In the Britisli 

Museum. 

Fig. 12, 13. TELLIMYA tenuis. 

Tellimya tenuis. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Newbigging, on the coast of Northumberland, by 
Walter Calvenly Trevelyan, Esq. Jun. of Wallington, and in the splendid Cabinet at Wallington. 

* * Ovate. 
Fig. 16, 17. TELLIMYA elliptica. 

Tellimya elliptica. Brown's MSS. 

Mya ferruginosa, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. 22; and 166, pi. 26, fig. 2. — Brown in Ency. Brit- vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 18, 19. TELLIMYA glabrum. 

Tellimya glabrum. Brown's MSS — This beautiful little shell was found at Dunbar by General Bingham In 

his Cabinet, and also in the Cabinet of Lady Jardine. 

Fig. 20, 21. TELLIMYA ovata. 

Tellimya ovata, Brown's MSS — A new species. Found by me at Dunbar — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 22, 23, 24. SPENIA Binghami. 

Spenia Binghami, Turton in Zool. Journal. 

Fig. 1. LIGULA pr^tenuis. 

LiGULA prsetenuis. Brown's MSS. 

JMya praetenuis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 41. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 404. 

Fig. 2. LIGULA tenuis. 

LiGULA tenuis, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. pi. 17, fig. 7- p- 572. 
IMactra tenuis, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 




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PLATE XV. 

Fig. 1. MACTRA glauca. 

Mactra glauca, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 571. — Bromn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 
Mactra helvacea. Lam. Syst. v. p. 473. 

Fig 2. MACTRA stultorum. 

Mactra stultorum. Lam. Syst. v. p. 474. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 94. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Fig. 3, 4. MACTRA solida. 

Mactra solida. Lam. Syst. v. p. 477 Mont. Test. Brit. p. 92. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Fig. 6. MACTRA elliptica. 

Mactra elliptica. Brown's MSS — A new species, common in the Firth of Forth, and has been confounded with 
the young of the M. solida, found plentifully alive at Cramond Island. 

Fig. 10. MACTRA striata. 

Mactra striata, Brotvn's MSS. — A new species, found in Loch Strangford, county of Down, Ireland In Lady 

Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 11, 12. MACTRA triangulata. 

Mactra triangulata, Brown's MSS. — A new species, found at Seaton, by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. and in the Cabinet 
at Wallington. 

Fig. 5. MACTRA truncata. 

Mactra truncata, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 34. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Fig. 7. MACTRA subtruncata. 

Mactra subtruncata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 93. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 410. 

Fig. 8, 9. MACTRA dealbata. 

Mactra dealbata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 95, t. 5, fig. 1. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 68, pi. 1, fig. 10. 



F3LA.TE 13. 




Mroit-n /•'/ fjif*f /irvi 



atd *v ll'ff/.ixary f<iftt'f-iiry//i 



PLATE XVI. 

Fig. 1, 2. PSAMMOBIA ferboensis. 

PsAMMOBiA Ferroensis, Lam. Syst. v. p. 512. 

Tellina Ferroensis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 55. 

Tellina trifasciata, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 60. — Browti in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 407. 

Fig. 3. PSAMMOBIA vespertina. 

PsAMMOBiA vespertina. Lam. Syst. v. p. 513. 
Solen vespertinus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 54. 
Tellina variabilis, Bon. Brit. Sh. pi. 41, fig. 2. 

Fig. 4, 5, 6. PSAMMOBIA jugosa. 

PsAMMOBiA jugosa, Browti's MSS. 

Tellina jugosa, Brown in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 506, pi. 2, 4, fig. 2. 

Fig. 7. PSAMMOBIA punctura. 

PsAMMOBiA punctura. Brown's MSS. 

Solen squamosus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 565. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 48. 

Fig. 8. ARCOPAGIA crassa. 

Arcopagia crassa, Leach's MSS. 

Tellina crassa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 65. 

Tellina rigida, Don. Brit, Sh. pi. 103. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 55. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

Fig. 9, 10. ARCOPAGIA ovata. 

Arcopagia ovata. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. at Newbigging, Northum- 
berland — In the cabinet at Wallington. 

Fig. 11. MYSIA ROTUNDATA. 

Mysia rotundata. Brown's MSS. 

Mysia Montagui, Leach's MSS. 

Tellina rotundata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 71. 

Fig. 12. TELLINA depressa. 

Tellina depressa. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 51. 

Tellina squalida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 56 — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 163 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 407- 

Fig. 13. TELLINA punicea. 

Tellina punicea. Mat. and Rack, in Lin7i. Trans, viii. p. 50. 

TeUina laeta, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 57. — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 123. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 407. 

Fig. 14. TELLINA solidula. 

Tellina solidula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 63.— Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 58. 

Fig. 15. TELLINA striata. 

Tellina striata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 60, pi. 27, fig- 2 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 53. 

Fig. 16. TELLINA donacina. 

Tellina donacina, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 58, pi. 27, fig. 3 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p, 50, pi. 1, 

fig- 7. 



Fig. 17. TELLINA lineata, 

Tkllina lineata, Ttirton's Conch. Did. j). 168, pi. 4, fig. 16.— Found at Torbay. 

Fig. 18. TELLINA fabula. 

Tkllina fabula, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 6I. — Mai. mid Back, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 52 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 
p. 407. 

Fig. 19. TELLINA tenuis. 

Tkllina tenuis, Monl. Test. Brit, p 59. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. b2.-'D6n. Brit. Sli. pi. 19. 

Fig. 20, 21. TELLINA elliptica. 

Tellina elliptica. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 22. TELLINA pellucjda. 

Tellina pellucida. Brown's MSS. — A new shell. Found by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. at Seaton, county of Dur- 
ham.— In the cabinet at Walliugton. 

Fig. 23. TELLIMYA substriata. 

Tellimya substriata. Brown's MSS. 

Ligula substriata, Mont. Test. Brit. .^irp. r^. 2r). 

Fig. 24. CRASSINA corrugata. 

Crassina corrugata. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Greenock by Stewart Ker, Esq. — In Lady Jar- 
dine's cabinet- 
Fig. 25. MACTRINA triangularis. 

Mactrina triangularis. Brown's MSS. 

Mactra triangularis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 99, pi. 3, fig. 5. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 72 

Fig. 26, 27. HIATELLA striata. 

Hiatella striata, Brow7i's MSS. 

Mya striata, Montagu in Linn. Trans, xi. p. 188, pi. 13, fig. 1. A. — Ttirton's Conch. Did. p. 105, pi. 28, fig. 99. 

Although this shell and the Magdala striata, pi. 11, fig. 1, 2, have been supposed the same shell by some authors, 
yet I have considered it necessary to institute new genera of them. I conceive it impossible that so accurate an 
observer as Colonel Montagu could have seen the Magdala striata, (Mya Norwegica of authors,) because that shell 
has no tooth, but is furnished with a detached horizontal plate, (see Plate II, fig. 10,) wliich is attached to each 
valve by a cartilage ; and I of course consider tlie above shell as a distinct genus, from its having a fixed tooth 
in one valve ; and if Montagu's figure is correct, from which I have copied the above, the tooth is quite diflferent 
in shape from the plate of the M. striata. 



FILATJE .16. 




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PLATE XVII. 

Fig. 3. LUC IN A lactea. 

LuciNA lactea, Ijum. Syst. v. p. 542. 

Tellina lactea, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 70 Bronm in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

-■ Fig. 1, 2. LUCINA UNDATA. 

LuciNA undata. Lam. Syst. v. p. 543. 

Venus undata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 11 7- — Brown in Ency. Brit, vi. p. 413. 

Fig. 4, 6. LUCINA siNUATA. 

LuciNA sinuata. Lam. Syst. v. p. 543. 

Tellina flexuosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 72 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

Fig. 5, 7. LUCINA flexuosa. 



LuciNA flexuosa, Brown's MSS. 
Venus sinuosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 120. 

Fig. 8, 9. LUCINA radula. 

LuciNA radula. Lam. Syst. v. p. 541. 

Tellina radula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 68. 

Venus borealis, Don, Brit. Sh. pi. 130, fig. 1, 2. 

Fig. 11. DONAX TRUNCULUS. 

DoNAX trunculus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 103. — Lam. Syst. v. p. 551. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411 — Don. Brit. 
Sk. pi. 29, fig. 1. 

Fig. 10. DONAX complanata. 

DoNAX complanata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 106, pi. 5, fig. i^.— 'Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411. — Mat. and Rack, in 
Linn. Trans, viii. p. 75. 



Fig. 12. CYCLAS cornea. 



Cyclas cornea. Lam. Syst. v. p. 558. 
Cardium corneum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 86. 
Tellina cornea. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 



Fig. 13. CYCLAS lacustrts. 



Cyclas lacustris, Lam. Syst. v. p. 559. 
Cardium lacustre, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 89. 
Tellina lacustris, Broivn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

Fig. 14. CYCLAS obliqua. 

Cyclas obliqua. Lam. Syst. v. p. 559. 
Cardium amnicum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 86. 
Tellina amnica. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

Fig. 16. CYCLAS CALYCUTULA. 

Cyclas calycutula. Lam. Syst. v. p. 559. — Drap. p. 130, pi. 10, fig. 14, lij.-^Pfeiffer, p. 122, pi. 5 fijr. 17, 18. 

Fig. 15. CYCLAS pusiLLA. 

Cyclas pusilla. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 



PILATE, 17. 







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PLATE XVIII. 



Fig. 1. CRASS] N A DANx^IONIENSIS. 

Cbassina Danmoniensisj Lam. Syst. vi. p. 554. 
Venus Danmonia, Moni. Test. Brit. Suppl. p. 45 — 
Dilltv. Cat. p. 167. 

Fig. 2. CRASSINA depressa. 

New, Frith of Forth — Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 9. CRASSINA scotica. 

Venus Scotica, Lam. Syst. v. p. 600. — Mont. Test. Brit. 
Suppl. p. 44 — Mat. and Rack. Liti. Tr. viii. p. 81. 
—Dilltv. Cat. p. 167. 

Fig. 3. CRASSINA elliptica. 

New, Frith of Forth and Greenock — Lady Jardine's Ca- 
binet. 

Fig. 4, 5. CRASSINA compressa. 

Venus Montagui^ Dilltv. Cat. p. 167- — V. compressa^, 
Mont. Test. Brit. Suppl. p. 43. 

Fig. 6. CRASSINA obliqua. 

New, Color Cots, Northumberland — Lady Jardine's Ca- 
binet. 



Fig. 7. CRASSINA convexiuscula. 

New, Color Cots, Northumberland — Lady Jardine's Ca- 
binet. 

Fig. 8. CRASSINA striata. 

New, Frith of Forth — Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 10. CRASSINA sulcata. 

Venus sulcata. Lam. Syst. v. p. 592. — Mont. Test. 
Brit. p. 131. — Mat. and Rack. Lin. Tr. viii. p. 81.— 
Dillw. Cat. p. 166. 

Fig. 11. CYPRINA islandica. 

Cyprina Islandica, Lam. Syst. v. p. 556. 

Venus Islandica, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 114. — Mat. and 

Rack. Lin. Tr. viii. p. 83. — Donov. Brit. Sk, pi. 78. 

Dilltv. Cat. p. 176. 

The uncommonly large specimen from wliich this shell 
was drawn was dredged in the Irish Channel, and is 
in the Cabinet of John Nicol, Esq. Lecturer on Natu- 
ral Philosophy. 




.FX.ATTK, 18. 



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PLATE XIX. 

Fig. 1. CYPRINA IsLANDicA. 

Cyprina Islandicii, Lam. Si/st. v. p. 557- 

Venus Islandica, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 114. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 412. 

Fig 2. CYTHERIA Chione. 

Cytheria Chione, Lam. Syst. v. p. 56(3. 

Venus Chione, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 115 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 412. 

Fig. S. CYTHERIA minima. 

Cytheria minima, Brotvn's MSS. 

Venus minima, Mont. Tes-I. Brit. p. 121, pi. 3, f. 3. 

Fig. 4. CYTHERIA minuta. 

Cytheria minuta, Brown'.t MSS — A new shell, found by me at Dunbar, and in my cabinet. 

Fig. 5, 6. VENUS decussata. 

Venus decussata. Lam. Sysl. v. p. 597 Mont. Test. Brit. p. 124 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 414. i 

Fig 7. VENUS pullastra. I 

i 

Venus pullastra. Lam. Syst. v. p. 598 — Mont. Test. Bril. p. 125. - j 

Fig. 8, 9. VENUS virginea. I 

Venus virginea, Lam. Sysi. v. p. 600 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 128 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 414. 

Fig. 10. VENUS PERFORANS. \ 

Venus perforans, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 127, pi- 3, f. 6. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 414. \ 

Fig. 12, 13. CLAUSINA reflexa. 

Clausina reflexa, Brotvn's MSS. 

Venus reflexa, Laskey in Wern. Mem. i. p, 384, pi. 8, f. 1, 1 — -Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 40 and 168. 

Fig. 14, 15. ORTYGIA subcordata. ] 

Ortygia subcordata. Leach's MSS. I 

Venus laminata, Laskey in Wern. Mem. i. p. 384, pi. 8, f. 16, 16. 

Fig. 11. TIMOCLEA ovata. ! 

TiMOCLEA ovata. Brown's MSS. 
Timoclea Pennantii, Leach's MSS. 
Venus ovata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 120. 



PILATTE.XLX 




^^fftin-^ h tl^l'.MffWJ' /•'ifvif-itrf'f: 



PLATE XX. 

I 

Fig. 2, 3. EXOLETA orbiculata. Fig. 19, 20. Young shell. ' 

ExoLETA orbiculata, Brown'n MSS. Lam. Sij.st. v. p. 

Venus exoleta, Monf. Test. Brit. p. 116. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 413. ' 

Fig. 4. EXOLETA lincta. ; 

Exoleta lincta, Brown's MSS. i 

Venus lincta, Bull. Cat. Dor. p. 34. ' 

Venus exoleta, var.. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 87, pi. 3, f. 2. 
Cytherea lincta, Latn. Si/st. v. p. 573. 

Fig. 1. EXOLETA radula. 

Exoleta radula, Brown's MSS — A new species, found by James Gerard, Esq. in the Firth of Forth, and in his I 

cabinet. 

Fig. 6, 7. VENUS virginea. ; 

Venus virginea. Lam. Si/st. v. p. 600 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 128 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 414. 

Fig. 9. VENUS IRIS. 

Venus iris. Leach's MSS. j 

Donax iris, Mont. Test, Brit. p. 108 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411. 

i 

Fig. 5, 8. VENUS AUREA. i 

Venus aurea. Lam. Syst. v. p. 600. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 129. j 

Fig. 15. CLAUSINA cassina. 

Clausina cassina. Brown's MSS. I 

Venus cassina. Lam. Syst. v. p. 587- — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 113. — Brotvn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411. i 

Fig. 16. CLAUSINA verrucosa. 

Clausina verrucosa. Brown's MSS. 

Venus verrucosa. Lam. Syst. v. p. 586.— Motit, Test. Brit. p. 112 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411. ] 

Fig. 10. CLAUSINA fasciata. ! 

Clausina fasciata, Brown's MSS. ' 

Venus fasciata. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. vii. p. 

Venus paphia, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 110. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 411. 

Fig. 11. ORTYGIA gallina. 

Ortygia gallina, Leach's MSS. 

Venus gallina. Lam. Syst. v. p. 591 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 113 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 412. 

Fig. 12. ORTYGIA SULCATA. 

Ortygia Prideauxiana, Leach's MSS — Ortygia sulcata. Brown's MSS. — A new species, found in Devonshire by 
Charles Prideaux, Esq — In British Museum, and my Cabinet. 

Fig. 13. ORTYGIA cost at a. 

Ortygia costata. Brown's MSS — A new species, found by me at Seaton, Northumberland. — In Lady Jardine's 
Cabinet. 

Fig. 14. ORTYGIA rugosa. 

Ortygia rugosa. Leach's MSS. 

Venus rugosa, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. p. 95, pi. 56, f. 50. — In my Cabinet. 

Fig. 15, 16. ORTYGIA spinifera. ■ 

Ortygia spinifera. Brown's MSS. < 

Venus spinifera, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 577:. p- 17;. f- 1- — Brown in Ency. Brit. p. 411. | 

Fig. 18, 19. LAS^A rubra. ! 

Las2EA rubra. Leach's MSS. I 

Cardium rubrum, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 83. — Wood's Gen. Conch, p. 212. | 



IP IL ATE. XX 




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PLATE XXI. 

Fig. 1, 2. CARDIUM aculeatum. 

Cardium aculeatum. Lam. Syst. vi. partie i. p- 7 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. ']'],— Mat. and Rack, in Lin, Tr, viii. 
p. 62 Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. B. 

Fig. 3, 4, 5. CARDIUM aculeatum, young. 
Fig. 6. CARDIUM echinatum. 

Cakdium echinatum. Lam. Syst. vi. partie i. p. 7 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 78. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin, Tr. viii. 
p. 63 Donov. Brit. S/i. pi. 107- fig. 1. 

Fig. 7, 8. CARDIUM echinatum, young. 

C. ciliare. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 64. — Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 32. fig. 2. 

Fig. 9. CARDIUM tuberculatum. 

Cakdium tuberculatum, Lam. Syst. vi. partie i. p. 8.~—Mont. Test, Brit, p. 79 and 568.^-Mat. and Rack, in Lin. 
Tr. viii. p. Gi.^Donov. Brit. Sk. pi. 107- fig 2. 



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PLATE XXII. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3, 7. CARDIUM edule. 

Cardium edule. — Different varieties, — Lam. Syst. vi. p. 12. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. ^Q. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 
p. 409. 

Fig. 5, 6. CARDIUM edule. Young shells. 

Fig. 4. CARDIUM TENUIS. 

Cardium tenuis. Brown's MSS. — A new shell, found by me in Loch Strangford, Ireland In Lady Jardine's Ca- 
binet. 

Fig. 8. CARDIUM zonatum. 

Cardium zonatum. Brown's MSS — A new species, found by John Hancock, Esq. Newcastle, at Seaton in York- 
shire ; and afterwards on the Devonshire Coast by Dr Goodall, Provost of Eaton College In Dr Goodall's Splen- 
did Cabinet ; Mr Hancock's ; and also in Lady Jardine's Cabinets. 

Fig 10. CARDIUM exiguum. 

Cardium exiguum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 82. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 408. 

Fig. 9. CARDIUM discrepans. 

Cardium discrepans, Brown's MSS — A new shell found at Montrose by me. — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 12, 13. CARDIUM l^vigatum. 

Cardium leevigatum, Lam. Syst. vi. p. 11. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 80 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 409. 

Fig. 14, ] 5. CARDIUM l^evigatum. Young shells. 

Fig. 15. was found in Cornwall by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. and is in the cabinet at Wallington. The epidermis on this 
beautiful shell is so glabrous, and the general colouring so fine, tliat I at one time considered it a different species. 

Fig. l6, 17. CARDIUM oblongum. 

Cardium oblongum. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 409, pi. 152, fig. 9. 

Cardium sulcatum. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 10. — This shell is new as a British species, and was firs^t found at Bray, Ire- 
land ; and has been found at St Andrews in Scotland, by John Coldstream, Esq. Leith, and is in his Cabinet. 

Fig. 11. CARDIUM fasciatum. 

Cardium fasciatum, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 30, pi. 27, fig. 6 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 409. 



'LATE 22. 













Mrttrrn by Cap^Brown 










A','.n ^/»/ /y it://. /.isi-J-y i:Ux,,/-urch. 



PLATE XXIII. 

ISOCARDIA COR. 

IsocARSiA cor. Lam. Syst, vi. partie ii. p. 30. From Bear Haven, Ireland ; in Dr Goodall's Cabinet. 
Chama cor, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 134. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin, Tr, viii. p. 90.— Donov. Brit. Sh. pi. 134,- 
Billrv. Cat. p. 212. 

PLATE XXIV. 

ISOCARDIA COR. 



JPLATE 2 "5. 




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arifitin-mii. bt/ Tr.lL2.ksarj J^£n^r^ h 



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firuim hv Ctp^f Brown- 



Rn^ruftt! h\ }VM/.i*u^y Filuthunph. 



PLATE XXV. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3. ARC A No^. 
Arca Noae, Mo?d. Test. Brit. p. 139, pi. 4, fig. 3. — Lam. Syst. vi. p. 57. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 4] 6. 

Fig. 4, 5. ARCA FUSCA. 
Arca fusca, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p, 51. — Donov. Brit. Sh. v. pi. 158, fig. 3, 4. — Lam. Syst. vi. p. 39- 

Fig. 6. ARCA LACTEA. 

Arca lactea. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 40 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 138. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 41b'. 

Fig. 7. ARCA BARBATA. 

Ahca barbata, Lam. Syst. vi. p. 39. — Brown in Wer. Mem. ii. p. 512, pi. 24, fig. 3 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 
416, pi. 152, fig. 13 — A new species, as an inhabitant of our seas ; discovered by Dr M'Gie, Belfast, in Lough 
Strangford, county of Down, Ireland ; and in his Cabinet. 

Fig. 8, 9. PECTUNCULUS glycimeris. 

Pectunculus glycimeris. Lain. Syst. vi. p. 49. 

Arca glycimeris, Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. pi. 3, fig. 3. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 136 Brown in Ency. 

Brit. vi. p. 417- 

Fig. 10, 11. PECTUNCULUS pilosus. 

Pectunculus pilosus. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 49. 

Arca pilosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 136. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417- 

Fig. l6. NUCULA rostrata. 

NucuLA rostrata. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 58. 

Area rostrata, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 55, pi. 27, fig. 7- — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417- 

Fig. 17. NUCULA OBLONGA. 

NucuLA oblonga. Brown's MSS.— A new species, found at Saltcoats, by Stewart Ker, Esq. of Greenock. 

Fig. 18. NUCULA MiNUTA. 

NucuLA minuta, Brown's MSS. 

Area minuta, Mont. Test. Brit. p. \4\.— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 41/. 

Area caudata, Donov. Brit. Sli. iii. pi. 78. 

Fig. 19. NUCULA TRUNCATA. 

NucuLA truncata. Brown's MSS — A new species, found at Saltcoats, by Stewart Ker, Esq. 

Fig. 12. NUCULA MARGARITACEA. 

NucuLA niargaritacea. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 59. 

Arca nucleus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 141 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417, pl- 153, fig. 4. 

Fig. 14, 15. NUCULA ARGENTEA. 

NucDLA argentea. Brown's MSS. — A new shell, found at Dunbar, by my friend General Bingham of Melcoiiibe, 
Dorsetshire, to whose zeal we are indebted for many new minute species. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 13. NUCULA TENUIS. 

NucuLA tenuis. Brown's MSS. 

Area tenuis, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 56, pi. 29, fig. 1 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417- 





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PLATE XXVI. 

Fig. 1. UNIO ELONGATE. 

Unio elongata, Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 1, p. 70- 

Mya margaritifera, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 33. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

This shell yields mother-of-pearl, and produces pearls, sometimes of considerable size and value. The river Con- 
way, in Wales, was formerly famous on account of the large and valuable pearls produced by the Unio elongata 
inhabiting it : as was also the river Irt in Cumberland, so much so, that we are informed by Camden that Sir 
John Hawkins obtained a patent for fishing them in that river. In the Scottish rivers this shell is still occasion- 
ally fished for the sake of the included pearls ; and it is said that the pearls which decorate the Scottish crown 
are native ones, and chiefly from the river Tay. 

For an account of " the Formation of Pearls," see Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. VI. Article Conchology, page 481. 

Fig. 2. UNIO piCTOKUM. 

Unio pictorum, Brown's MSS. 

Mya pictorum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 34 — Bromn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. — Fen. Brit. Zoot. iv. pi. 43, fig. 17 — Linn. 

Tr. viii. p. 38. 
Mya ovalis, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 89. 

Fig. 3. UNIO Batav.^. 

Unio Batava, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 77- 

Mva Batava, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 37 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

Mya pictorum, Bon. Brit. Sh. pi. 174 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 36. 

Fig. 4. UNIO ovATA. 

Unio ovata. Browns MSS. 

Unio pictorum. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 77- 

Mya ovata, Li7in. Trans, viii. p. 39 — Brorvn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 405. 

Mya depressa, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 101 and 122, fig. 1, 3. 



FILATI'IE 2Ci. 






J)rajim,hv L'of'^Jiri 




£ru^mrtfti by l^'JLLtJsurs Etitn^ 



PLATE XXVII. 
Fig. 1. ANODONTA cygnea. 

Anodonta cygnea, ham. Syst. 

Mytilus cygneus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 171- 

M. cygneus, var. B. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii.p. 109. 

Fig. 3, 4. ANODONTA cygnea, young. 
Fig. 2. ANODONTA stagnalis. 

Anodonta stagnalis, Sowerby's Miscell. pi. 16. 

Mytilus cygneus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. l^l.-^-Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viiii p. 109. 



F]L ATE .^XVII . 




J>i-aim *y Cap".' £rcyi*-n 



£rx//rax'fil'b-j W. WJ.ixary^dmhcrqK. 



PLATE XXVIII. 
Fig. 1. ANODONTA anatina. 

Anodonta anatina. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 85. 

Mytilus anatinus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. I*]!, and 582. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 110. pi. [3, fig. 1 — Brown in Ency. 
Brit. vi. p. 423. 

Fig. 2. ANODONTA anatina. 

Anodonta anatina, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 84. , 

Mytilus Avonensis, Variety found in the River Avon, and in the New River at Hampstead, not uncommon Monl. 

Test. Brit. p. 172 Linn. Trans, viii. p. 250, pi. 3. 

Fig. 3. ANODONTA cygnea. 

Anodonta cygnea. Variety, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 109. pi. 3, fig. 3. 



s. 



■I* 



PILATE. 28. 





i>rowi \r CipipRr. 




Jin^ravtuI U^JlJ.iears T.J.nh-j. .- 1, 



PLATE XXIX. 

Fig. 1. MODIOLA papuana. 

MoDioLA papuana. Lam. Syst. v. p. 111. 

Mytilus modiolus. Moid. Test. Brit. p. 163 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 423. — Turton's Brit. Fauna, p. 164. 

Fig. 2. MODIOLA papuana. The young shell. 

Mytilus curtus, Penn. Brit. Zool. pi. 64, f. 76, A. 
Mytilus barbatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 161. 

Fig. 5, 6. MODIOLA radiata. 

MoDiOLA radiata, Brown's IMSS. — A new species, found in Cornwall by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. Jun. of Walling- 
ton, Northumberland, and in the splendid cabinet there. 

Fig. 3, 4. MODIOLA papuana. A distorted variety. 
Mytilus umbilicatus, Donov. Brit. Sh. ii. p. 40 — Mo?it. Te.st. Brit. p. 164. 

Fig. 7. MODIOLA Gibsii. 

MoDiOLA Gibsii, Leach's Zool. Miscel. pi. 98. 

Fig. 8. MODIOLA discrepans. 

MoDiOLA discrepans. Lam. Syst. v. p. 114. 

Mytilus discrepans, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 169 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 424. 

Fig. 10. MODIOLA discors. 

MoDioLA discors. Lam. Syst. v. p. 114. 

Mytilus discors, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 167 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 424. 

Fig. 9. MODIOLA Prideauxiana. 

MoDioLA Prideauxiana, Leach's Zool. Miscel. 

Fig. 11. MYTILUS EDULis. 

Mytilus edulis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 159. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 423.-^Z,rtw. Sy.H. vi. p. 126. 

Fig. 13. MYTILUS pellucidus. 

Mytilus pellucidus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 160 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 423. 

Fig. 14, 15. MYTILUS elegans. 

Mytilus elegans. Leach's MSS A new species, from the Bell Rock, Firth of Forth. Discovered by my inge- 
nious friend, Robert Stevenson, Esq. Civil Engineer. 

Fig. 12. MYTILUS incurvatus. 

Mytilus incurvatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 160 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 423. 



1P3LATE , 29. 




OruWn hv Cap'r^Brovn 



PLATE XXX. 

Fig. 1. PINNA iNGENs. 

Pinna ingens, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 180. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 424. — Lam. Syst. vi. p. 154. 

Fig. 2. PINNA ELEGANS. 

Pinna elegans. Leach's MSS. — A New Species found on the Devonshire Coast by Mr Prideaux. In the British 
Museum, and Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 3. PINNA PECTINATA. 
Pinna pectinata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 178. — Lam. Syst. p. 133. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 424. 

The animals inhabiting the Pinnae have the power of aHixing themselves at pleasure to any substance, by throwing 
out an extensile member, and discharging from its tip a drop of gluten, which, by the retraction of the same or- 
gan, is formed into a silky filament ; and by frequently repeating this operation a thick tuft is produced ; from this 
a species of silk cloth is manufactured at Palermo and Naples, which is made into dresses, and brings a very high 
price. Stockings and gloves are also manufactured from this substance. This shell was much celebrated amongst 
the ancients on account of the cloth which was made from its byssus. 

In the Mediterranean a small species of crab often takes up its abode M'ithin the shells of the Pinnae, and is said 
to act as a monitor on the approach of danger. Some have attributed this to a kind of hospitality, in the animal 
giving protection to this intruder, who, it is likely, is an unwelcome guest to the proper inhabitant. 



TLATE. 30. 




•inarf Stlifxiu^nh 



PLATE XXXI. 

Fig. 1, 2. MYTILUS crinatus. 

MYTitus crinatus^ Lam, Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 121 — Ency. Meth. pi. 217, fig- 3, 

Mytilus polymorphus, Turton's Linne, iv. p. 300. — Zool. Journ, i. p. 584. — New as a British species, and ascer- 
tained to inhabit the dock at Portsmouth, by Mr C. Wilcox. 

Fig. 3. AVICULA anglica. 

AvicuLA Anglica, Leach's MSS — Discovered on the Devonshire Coast by Dr Leach — In the British Museum. 

Fig. 4, 5. LIMA sulcata. 

Lima sulcata, Leach's MSS. 

Pecten suborbiculatus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 63, pi. 29, fig. 2. 

Fig. 6, 7. LIMA fragilis. 

Lima fragilis, Brown's MSS. 

Pecten fragilis, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 62. 

Fig. 8, 9. LIMA TENERA. 

Lima tenera, Turtoti in Zool. Journ, ii. p. 362, pi. 13, tig. 2. — This new species was dredged alive in the British 
channel by Dr Turton — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 10, 11. LIMA viTRiNA. 

Lima vitrina, Brorvn's MSS.— One valve only of this new shell was found by me at Ballantrae, Ayrshire. 

It has much the character of the preceding, but differs in having twenty-eight ribs, and in being covered with 
regular concentric striae, and in the anterior slope being less oblique. This shell is exceedingly thin and tran- 
sparent. 

Fig. 19. OSTREA edulis. 

Ostbea edulis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 151 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 419 — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 203. 
This specimen, which has a curious elongation of the hinge, was found at Newhaven. — In Lady Jardine's ca- 
binet. 

Fig. 12, 13, 14. CRENELLA elliptica. 

Crbnella elliptica. Brown's MSS. 

Mytilus decussatus, Laskey in Wern. Mem. i. p. 394, pi. 8, fig. 17. — Mont. Test. Brit, Sup, p. 69. 

Fig. 15, 16. GALEOMMA Turtoni. 

Galeomma Turtoni, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 361, pi. 13, fig. 1.— This new shell was dredged in the English 
channel by Dr Turton during a gale of wind. 

Fig. 17, 18. BINGHAMI paradoxus. 

Binghami paradoxus, Brown's MSS.— This remarkable bivalve was dredged by General Bingham in Leith Roads. 
— In his cabinet. 



riLATJE.Sl. 







Dranftv by Cap *^B , 



Etufra^feA. W.U.Lij:ars ZdinJritr^k 



PLATE XXXII. 

Fig. 1. PECTEN MAxiMus. 

Pecten maximus. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 165. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 143. — Browti in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417- 

Fig. 2. PECTEN siNuosus. 

Pecten sinuosusj Lam. Syst. vi. p. 175. 
Pecten distortus, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 148. 
Ostrea sinuosa. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 



Fig. 3, 4. PECTEN GLABRis. 1 



Pecten glabris, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 59, pi. 28, f. 6. 

Fig. 5, 6. PECTEN similis. 



Pecten similis, Laskey in Wern. Mem. i. p. 387, pi- 8, f. 8, 8. , 

\ 



Note. — Since the publication of plate VI. I have found in the MSS. of my friend Dr Leach some observations on 
Figs. 8, 9, 10 of that plate ; wherein he says, that he has found out that they are not the Balanus Scoticus cf 
Wood, but a new shell which he had named Balanus candidus ; and had " placed it in the exotic collection 
of the British Museum," as he doubted the authority of the person who found it. I have just seen some beau- 
tiful and perfect specimens of this rare shell, found in the Firth of Forth by my friend James Gerard, Esq., 
Pitt Street, Edinburgh, and in his cabinet. This, taken in connection with the authority of my friend Mr W. 
C. Trevelyan, must establish it as a British species. The synonyms of those shells must stand thus : 

PLATE VI. 

Figs. 8, 9, 10. BALANUS candidus. 

Balanus candidus, Leach's MSS. 

Lepas candidus. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 403. — In British Museum, the Museum of Wallington, and Mr 
Gerard's cabinet. Found in the Firth of Forth, at Seaton, Northumberland, and Devonshire coast. 

PLATE VII. 

Fig. 22. BALANUS Scoticus. 

Balanus Scoticus, Brown's MSS. 

Lepas Scoticus, Wood's Conch, p. 40, pi. 6, f. ^.'—Wood's Cat. p. 5. 



4 




j-:„vri-~-' *.<■ »■//./...-.... A,/.-.^..,;„/i 



ffr„.;. *)■ i..p'»nr, 



t 



PLATE XXXIII. 
Fig. 1. PECTEN oPERcuLARis. 

Pbcten opercularis, Lam. Syst. vi. p. 172. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 145. 
Ostrea opercularisj Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 

Fig. 2. PECTEN lineatus. 

Pecten lineatus. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 172. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 147- 
Ostrea lineata, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 

Fig. 3. PECTEN IsLANDicus. 

Pecten Islandicus, Lam. Syst. vi. p. 174. 

Ostrea cinnabarina. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. — First discovered as a British Shell by Miss Julia Trevelyanof 

Wallington, Northumberland. Found on the beach near Ardencaple, opposite Roseneath. In Mr Trevelyan's 

Cabinet, and also in Lady Jardine's. 

Fig. 4. PECTEN vARius. 

Pecten varius. Lam. Syst. vi. p. 175. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 146. 
Ostrea varia. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 

Fig. 5. PECTEN Jacobjeus. 

Pbcten Jacobaeus, Lam. Syst. vi. p. 165. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 144. 
Ostrea Jacobaeus, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 417- 

Fig. 6. PECTEN obsoletus. 

Pecten obsoletus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 149. 
Pecten parvus, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. p. 153, No. 7- 
Ostrea obsoleta. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 

Fig, 7. PECTEN L^vis. 

Pecten laevis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 150, pi. 4, f. 4. 
Ostrea laevis, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 418. 

Fig. 8. PECTEN spiNosus. 

Pecten spinosus. Brown's MSS. — A New Species, which is not uncommon on the Northumberland coast, parti- 
cularly at the Herd Sands, South Shields, and was found at Seaton by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq. 



TiATlE :XK%iii 




Ihumii h t.u.'Plh;, 



fn^rvwefl i *• W-MJ. ixars Fdmi^ura h- 



PLATE XXXIV. 

Fig 16, 17. PECTEN niveus. 

Pecten niveus, Macgillivray in Edin. Phil. Journ. p. 166, pi. 3, fig. 1 — Found at Scalpay, Harris, and ascertained 
as a new species by Mr Macgillivray. 

Fig. 4. ANOMIA ephippium. 

Anomia ephippium, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 155 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p." 102 — Brown in Encrj. 
Brit. vi. p. 422. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3. ANOMIA undulata. 

Anomia undulata, Mon. Test. Brit. p. 157, and p. 580, pi. 4, fig. 6 — Brotvn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 422. 
Ostrea striata. Do. p. 153. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 103. 

Fig. 5. ANOMIA squamula. 

Anomia squamula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 156. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 102. — Brown in Ency- 
Brit. vi. p. 422. 

Fig. 6. ANOMIA aculeata. 

Anomia aculeata. Moid. Test. Brit. p. 157 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 103. 

Fig. 7. 8. ANOMIA CYMBIFORMIS. 

Anomia cymbiformis. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 104, pi. 3, fig. 6. — Schrbt. Einl. in Conch, iii. t. 9. 
fig. 13. 

Fig. 9. DISCINA OSTREOIDES. 

Discina ostreoides. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 237- 

Patella distorta, Fleyning in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 65, pi. 204, fig. 4 — Mont, in Linn. Trans, xi. p. 195, pi. 13, fi<r. o. 

Fig. 10, 11, 12. TEREBRATULA cranium. 

Tekebratula cranium, Fleming in Phil. Zool. Vol. ii. p. 498, pi. 4, fig. 4. 

Terebratula vitrea, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 96, pi. 206, fig. 2 — Mont, in Linn. Truns. xi. p. 188, pi. 13, 

fig. 2, B. 
Anomia cranium. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 422. — Inhabits Bressay, Zetland Discovered by Dr Flemino-. 

Fig. 13, 14, 15. TEREBRATULA aurita. 

Tekebratula aurita, Fleming's Phil, of Zool. ii. p. 498, pi. 4, fig. 5. — Inhabits Loch Broom ; and was sent to me 
in 1819, by Captain Carmichael, who found it at Oban, in Argyleshire. — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 



PI. ATE., 34. 




J>ra*rn- fy Cap*^SrirW7V 



'Sn^fOM^d bv VJt LUsars Edinhur^h- 



PLATE XXXV. 

* Marginal Ligament Spinous. 
Fig. 5, 8. CHITON fascicularis. 

Chiton fascicularis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 5, pi. 27, fig. 5.— Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 21, pi. 1, fig. 1. 
— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. 

Fig. 7. CHITON crinitus. 

Chiton crinitus, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 36, fig. 1 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 4 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. 

Fig. 20. CHITON DISCREPANS. 

Chiton discrepans. Brown's MSS. 
Chiton, Ency. Method, pi. 163, fig. 11, 12, 

Several specimens of this new shell, as a British species, were sent to me by George Lyons, Esq. of Tenby, Wales, 
as the C. fascicularis, which shell, it would appear, is not known on that coast. 

* * Marginal Ligament Striated. 
Fig. 1. CHITON L^viGATus. 

Chiton Isevigatus, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 103. 

Fig. 15. CHITON L^viGATus. 

Chiton laevigatus — A beautiful elongated variety. Found by Captain Carmichael at Oban, and nearly the size 
of the figure — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 16. CHITON LATUs. 

Chiton latus, Lowe in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 103, pi. 5, fig. 6, 7 — A beautiful variety. Found at Tynemouth, 
Northumberland, by my late friend John Hancock, Esq. of Newcastle, a zealous and excellent naturalist ; and in 
the cabinet of Mr Thomas Hancock. 

Fig. 9, 10, 11, CHITON l^vis. 

Chiton laevis, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 86, fig. 3 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 2. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. 

• Fig. 14. CHITON asellus. 

Chiton asellus, Zool. Jour. ii. p. 101. — A new species. Sent to me by my late friend, and acute naturalist. Cap- 
tain Carmichael, who found it at Oban. * 

Fig. 6, 13. CHITON RUBER. 

Chiton ruber, Fleming in Ency. Brit. vii. p. 102 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 401. — First distinguished as a 

British species by Dr Fleming. 

Fig. 4. CHITON ACHATINUS. 

Chiton achatinus. Brown's MSS — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402.— Found by General Bingham in the Firth 
of Forth adhering to an oyster ; size of the figure. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 12. CHITON ACHATINUS. 
Chiton achatinus— A variety. Found by Captain Carmichael at Oban In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 3. CHITON marginatus. 

Chiton marginatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 1. — Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 36, fig. 2 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. 



Fig. 18. CHITON ciNEREus. 

Chiton cinereus, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 3. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 22, pi. 1, fig. 3. — Brorvn in 
Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402. 

Fig. 17. CHITON fuscatus. 

Chiton fuscatus, Brown's MSS A new species. Confounded with the above, and common, adhering to oysters 

in the Firth of Forth. 

Fig. 2, 19. CHITON albus. 

Chiton albus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 4 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 22, pi. 1, fig. 4 — Brorvn in Ency. 

Brit, vi, p. 402. 

Fig. 22. CHITON quinquevalvis. 

Chiton quinquevalvis, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 402 — A new species. Found by General Bingham at 
Tenby. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 21. CHITON ASELLOIDES. 

Chiton aselloides, Lowe in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 103, pi. 5, fig. 5. Discovered at Oban, Argyleshire, by the late 
Captain Carmichael. 



PL, ATE o3\ 






jffm 


























Or.nvti hfi I 'apt" 3n>n 



Engi hi/ WJlUz'trs Eiiinhuiyh 



PLATE XXXVI. 

Fig. 17, 19. EMARGINULA pissura. 

Emarginula fissura, Lam. Sijst. v. partie ii. p. 7- 

Patella lissura, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 490. — Broivn in Encxf. Brit. vi. p. 466. 

Fig. 21, 22. EMARGINULA rosea. 

Emarginula rosea. Bell in Zool. Jour. i. p. 52, pi. 4, f. 1 — A new species, found in Poole Harbour, by Thomas 
Bell, Esq. 

Fig. 20. SYPHO RADIATA. 

Sypho radiata. Brown's MSS. 

Patella apertura, Mont. Test. Brit. \^. 491, pi. 13, f. 10. 

Fig. 14, 15, 16. SYPHO STRIATA. 

Sypho striata. Brown's MSS — A new species, found by my friend, Stewart Ker, Esq. nt Greenock, ivho says it is 
not uncommon there. — Lady Jardine's Cabinet ; and in the Cabinet of Mr S. Ker. 

Fig. 10. 11. FISSURELLA Gr^ca. 

FissuRELLA Graeca, Lam. Sysl. vi. partie ii. p. 11. 

Patella Graeca, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 492. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 467. 

Fig. 8, 9. FISSURELLA Zetlandica. 

FissuRELLA Zetlandica, Broivn s MSS. 

Patella Zetlandica, Flemitig in Edin. Enci/. vii. p. 66. pi. 204. f. 5. 

Fig. 12, 13. FISSURELLA marginata. 

FissuRELLA marginata. Brown's MSS. 

Patella marginata, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. pi. 66 p. 204. fig. 6. 

Fig. 1, 4, 6. ANCYLUS fluviatilis. 

Ancylus fluviatilis. Lam, Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 27- 
Patella fluviatilis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 482. 
Patella lacustris. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 466. 

Fig. 3, 5, 7- ANCYLUS lacustris. 

Ancylus lacustris. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 27- 
Patella lacustris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 484. 
Patella oblonga, Browh in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 466. 

Fig. 2, 18. HALIOTIS tuberculata. 

Haliotis tuberculata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 473. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 464. 



FJLATJfS 36. 



n 



% 



i 






10 







17 






Mk 



9 





^r 




i)rMr/i /n/ f '.If I '" fffi, 



Bnifruyitd bif H'.ffJtxtir*- /Jthti/tuti/fi 



PLATE XXXVII. 

Fig. 5, 12, 14, 15, 17. PATELLA vulgata. 

Patella vulgata, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 475, different varieties. — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 331. — Brown in Eticy. 
Brit. vi. p. 465. 

Fig. 1, 4, 6. PATELLA vtrginea. 

Patella virginea, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 234. 

Patella parva, Mon. Test. Brit. p. 480. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 466. 

Fig. 9, 10. PATELLA clypeus. 

Patella clypeus. Brown's MSS. — A new species, found hy my friend Stewart Ker, Esq. at Arran, where it is 
not uncommon — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 2, 3. PATELLA elongata. 

Patella elongata, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 65, pi. 204, fig. 2. 

This new shell was discovered at St Andrews, Fifeshire, by that excellent conchologist Miss Lambert — In Dr 
Fleming's Cabinet. 

Fig. 7. PATELLA elliptica. 

Patella elliptica, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 65, pi. 204, fig. 3 — A new species. Found in deep water off the 
coast of Zetland, adhering to stones which were dredged. — In Dr Fleming's Cabinet. 

Fig. 8. PATELLA bimaculata. 

Patella bimaculata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 482, pi. 13, fig. 8 — Linii. Tr. viii. p. 235. 

Fig. 11. PATELLA pellucida. 

Patella pellucida, Mofit. Test. Brit. p. 477 — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 334. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 465. 

Fig. 13. PATELLA c^rulea. 

Patella caerulea, Mont. Test. Brit. Suj). p. 152 — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 328.— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 
p. 465. 

Fig. 19, 20. PILEOPSIS Ungarica. 

PiLEOPSis Ungarica, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. I7. 

Patella Ungarica, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 486. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 465. 

Fig. 16, 18. CALYPTR.EA Sinense. 

CalyptrjEA Sinense, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 22. 
Patella Sinensis, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 464. 
Patella Chinensis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 489. 
Patel'a albida, Donov.Brit. Sli. pi. 129. 

Fig. 21, 22. DISCINA ostreoides. 

Discina ostreoides. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 1, p. 237- 

Patella distorta, Fleming iji Edin. Ency. vii p. 65, pi. 204, fig. 4. 

This new genus was dredged in deep water off the coast of Zetland, by my friend the Reverend Dr Fleming of Flisk, 
Fifeshire, to whose industry we are indebted for many new shells, and other valuable discoveries in the lower 
classes of animals — In Dr Fleminsi's Cabinet. 



PLATE 57. 



t i 





19 





16 








n 













J/fiiH'n Af tiip . Jirmrii 



A'/t^wr^ ly H'K7.ixar.t,^'i^^^t'ff/i 



PLATE XXXVIII 

Fig. 23, 24. BULLA lignaria. 

Bulla lignaria. Lam. Sysl. vi. partie 2, p. 33. 

Bulla lignaria, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 205 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 433 — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 27- 

Fig. 29, 30. BULLA hydatis. 

Bulla hydatis. Lam. St/st. vi. partie 2, p. 35. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 217- — Don. Brit. Sk. pi. 88. 

Fig. 15, 16. BULLA producta. 

Bulla producta. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 41, 42. BULLA striata. 

Bulla striata, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Greenock by Stewart Ker, Esq — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 25, 26. BULLA denticulata. 
Bulla denticulata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 217 — Adams in Linn. Trans, v. pi. 1, fig. 3, 4, 5. 

Fig. 21, 22. BULLA emarginata. 

Bulla emarginata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 216 — Adams in Linn. Trans, v. pi. 1, fig. 9, 10, 11. 

Fig. 31, 32. AKERA FLEXTLis. 

Akera flexiiis. Brown's MSS. 

Bulla Akera, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 36 — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 219. 

Bulla resiliens, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 79- 

Fig. 33, 34. BULLOSA catina. 

BuLL^A catina. Brown's MSS. 

BuUa catina, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 215. pi. 7, fig. 7 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 7, 8. DIAPHANA minuta. 

DiAFHANA minuta, Brown's MSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 10, 11. DIAPHANA pellucida. 

DiAPHANA pelludida, Brown's MSS. — A new shell. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 13, 14. DIAPHANA Candida. 

DiAPHANA Candida, Brown's MSS — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet. 

Fig, 1, 2. RETUSA plicata. 

Retusa plicata. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar, by General Bingham — In his Cabinet. 

Fig. 3, 4. RETUSA discors. 

Retusa discors, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. — In his Cabinet, 

Fig. 5, 6. RETUSA obtusa. 

Retusa obtusa. Brown's MSS. 

Bulla obtusa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 223, pi. 1, fig. 3 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 



Fig. 9- VOLVARIA umbilicata. 

VoL\ AKiA umbilicata, Brmvti's MSS. 

Bulla umbilicata, MotU. Test. Bril. p. 222, pi. 7, fig. 4 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 12. VOLVARIA Regulbiensis, 

Voi.\ARiA Regulbiensis, Brown's MSS. " 

Bulla Regulbiensis, Adams Micr. p. 640, pi. 14, fig. 28. 

Fig. 17, 18. VOLVARIA retusa. 

VoLVAHiA retusa, Broivn's MSS. 

Bulla truncata, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 223, pi. 7, fig- 5. — Brown in Enci). Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 19, 20. VOLVARIA subcylindrica. 

VoLA'ARiA subcylindrica. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 36, 37. VOLVARIA cylindrica. 

VoiiVARiA cylindrica, Lavi. Syst. 

Bulla cylindrica. Mont. Test. Brit. p. 221, pi. 7, tig. 2. 

Fig. 43, U. VOLVARIA alba. 

VoLVARiA alba. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Greenock by Stewart Ker, Esq. 

Fig. 45, 46. VOLVARIA pellucida. 

VoLVARiA pellucida, Broivn's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Dunbar. 

Fig. 35, 38. GALERICULUM l^evigatum. 

Galericulum laevigatum. Brown's MSS. 
Helix laevigata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 282. 

Fig. 27, 28. GALERICULUM ovatum. 

Galericulum ovatum. Brown's BISS. — A new species. Found by Dr Leach on the Devonshire coast In the 

British Museum. 



PILATE 38. 















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PLATE XXXIX. 



Fig. 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 10. HELIX nemoralis. 

Helix nemoralis, Lamarxk, Sysleme des Animaux sans 
Vertebres, vi. partie ii. p. 81. — Montagu, Tcstacea Bri- 
lannica,-^. 411. — Maton and Racket in Linnean Trans- 
actions, viii. p. 20Q. ^Donovan' s British Shells, pi. 13- 
— Dillmyn's Catalogue of Recent Shells, p. 941. 

Fig. 5, 17. HELIX aspersa. 

Helix aspersa. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 68 Mont. 

Test. Brit. p. 407. 
H. hortensis. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 208. — 

Bonov. Brit. Sh. pi. 131. 
H. grisea, Dillrv. Cat. p. 943. 

Fig. 13. HELIX ASPERSA. 

A variety singularly marked, and a strong shell found 
at Clonooney, Ireland. — Lady Jardine of Applegirth's 
Cabinet. 

Fig. 12, 14. HELIX POMATiA. 

Helix Pomatia, Lam. Syst, vi. partie ii. p. 67. — Mont. 

Test. Brit. p. 405.— Donow. Brit. Sh. pi. 84 Mat. 

and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 201 Dillw. Cat. 

p. 920. 



Fig. 11, 15, 19. HELIX hortensis. 

Helix hortensis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 81. — Mont, 

Test. Brit. p. 412, 
H. nemoralis, var. b. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. 

p. 207. 
H. nemoralis, var, B. Dillw. Cat. p. 942. 

Fig. 8. HELIX HORTENSIS. 

A singular variety, with one white band, found at the 
Coates, Edinburgh Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 20, 21, 22. HELIX arbustorum. 

Helix arbustorum. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 80 — 
Mont. Test, Brit. p. 413. — Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. 

viii. p. 202 — Bonm. Brit. Sh. pi. 136 TUllm. Cat. 

p. 924. 

Fig. 4. HELIX NEMORALIS, young. 

Fig. 6. HELIX POMATIA, young. 

Fig. 16. HELIX ARBUSTORUM, young. 

Fig. 18. HELIX ASPERSA, ^/ow^?^. 



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PLATE XL. 

Fig. 15, 16, 17. HELIX Cantiana. 

Helix Cantiana^ Mont. Test. Brit. p. 422, pi. 23, fig. 1. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 197 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. 

p. 457, fig. 57, Variety. 
Helix pallida, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 157, ^g- 2, 2, 2. 

Fig. 42, 43, 44. HELIX virgata. 

Helix virgata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 415, pi. 24, fig. 1 — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 195. Fig. 41, 45, a lusus of Helix vir- 
gata from Farbane, King's County, Ireland. 

Fig. 27, 28, .SS, 35, 58. HELIX cingenda. 

Helix cingenda, Mont. Test. Brit, p, 418, pi. 24, fig. 4 Linn. Trans, viii. p. 195, pi. 5, fig. 6. 

Helix rhodostoma. Drop. Moll. p. 86, pi. 5, fig, 14, 15. 

Fig. 21, 23, 34. HELIX ericetorum. 

Helix ericetorum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 437, pl- 24, fig. 2. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 194. — Brown in Efici/. Brit. vi. 
p. 459. — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 84. 

Fig. 19, 20, 41, 46. HELIX rufescens. 
Helix rufescens, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 420, pl. 23, fig. 2 — Linn. Trans, viii. p.. 196. 

Fig. 8, 13. HELIX hispida. 

Helix hispida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 423, pl. 23, fig. 3. — Linn. Trans, viii, p. 198. — Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 92. 
— Browti in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 458. 

Fig. 25, 26. HELIX fusca. 

Helix fusca, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 424, pl. 13, fig. 1 — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 209- 

Fig. 59, 60. HELIX NiTENs. 

Helix nitens, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 198, pl. 5, fig. 7- 
Helix lucida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 425, pl. 23. fig. 4. 
Helix nitida, I^ain. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 91. — Brown in Ency, Brit. vi. p. 458. 

Fig. 48, 52. HELIX f^tida. 

Helix foetida. Brown's MSS — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 426. 

Distinguishable at once from the H. nitens, with Mhich it lias been confounded, by the animal being black, and hav- 
ing a peculiarly strong fetid smell. It is also a smaller shell ; and though equally transparent, the colour inclines 
more to the bottle-green than to the yellowish tint. Found in wet banks among mosses and Jungermanniee. 

Fig. 2. HELIX TROCHIFORMIS. 
Helix trochiformis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 427, pl- H, fig. 9 Linn. Trans, viii. p. 200. 

Fig. 1. HELIX spiNULosA. 

Helix spinulosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 429, pl. 11, fig. 10 Linn. Trans, viii. p. 201. 

Fig. 32, 39. HELIX caperata. 

Helix caperata, Mojit. Test. Brit. p. 430. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 196. 

Fig. 18, 19, 24. HELIX RADIATA. 
Helix radiata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 432, pl. 24, fig. 3 Linn. Trans, viii. p. 199. 



Fig. 13, 14. HELIX radiata, A pale Variety. 
Fig. SO, 31. HELIX umbilicata. 

Helix umbilicata, Moul. Test. Brit. p. 434. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 200 — Brown in Enci/. Brit. vi. p. 458. 

Fig. 49, 50, 51. HELIX GiBsir. 

Helix Gibsii, Beach's MSS — A new species. Found in Devonshire, by my friend Dr Leach In the British 

Museum, and Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 9, 10, 11. CAROCOLLA lapicida. 

Carocolla lapicida. Lam. Si/st, vi. partie 2, p 98. 

Helix lapicida, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 435 — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 187- 

Fig. 28. CAROCOLLA elegans. 

Carocolla elegans. Brown's MSS. 

Helix elegans. Brown in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 528, pi. 24, fig. 9 — A new species. Found near Golden Bridge, Dub- 
lin, by Mr Edward Stephens, and in the elegant Cabinet of my friend M. J. O. Kelly, Esq. of Dublin. 

Fig. 3, 4, 5. VITRINA membranacea. 

"N'lTRiNA membranacea. Brown's MSS — A new species. Found by me on the Lomond Hills. 

Fig. 6, 7. 12. VITRINA pellucida. 

ViTRiNA pellucida. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 63. — Drap. Moll. p. 119, pi. 8, iig. 34, 37. 
Helix elliptica, Brown in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 525, pi. 24, fig. 8, 8. 

Fig. 54, 55, 56. VITRINA margaritacea. 

V'lTRiNA margaritacea. Brown's JMSS.— A new species. Found by my friend Mr Gerard amongst moss on an old 
wall at Corstorphine Hill, near Edinburgh. 









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PLATE XLI. 

Fig. 2. PUPA TRIDENS. 

Pupa tridens. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 108. 

Turba tridens, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 338, Sup. p. 125, pi. 11, fig. 2. 

Fig. 1. PUPA FRUMENTUM. 

Pupa frumentum. Lam. Syst. partie 2, p. 109. 

Turbo juniperi, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 340, pi. 12, fig. 12. 

Fig. 3. PUPA MuscoRUM. 

Pupa muscorum. Lam. Syst. partie 2, p. Ill — Pfeiffer, p. 57, pi. 3, tig. 17j ^8. 
Turbo muscorum, Don. Brit. Shells, pi. 80. 

Fig. 4. PUPA UNIDENTATA. 

Pupa unidentata, Pfeiffer, p. 58, pi. 3, fig. 19, 20 — I found this shell at the Rabbit Burrow, Portmarnock, Ire- 
land, where it is not uncommon. 

Fig. 5. PUPA MARGINATA. 

Pupa marginata, Pfeiffer, p. 59, pi. 3, fig. 23, 24. 

Turbo muscorum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 335, pi. 22, fig. 3. — Portmarnock, Ireland. 

Fig. 6. PUPA BIDENTATA. 
Pupa bidentata, Pfeiffer, p. 59, pi. 3, fig. 21, 22 — Portmarnock, Ireland. 

Fig. 7 PUPA LABIATA. 
Pupa labiata. Brown's MSS.— Found by me at Portmarnock, Ireland. 

Fig. 8. PUPA SEXDENTATA. 

Pupa sexdentata. Brown's MSS — Pfeiffer, p. 71, pi. 3, tig. 43, 44. 
Turbo sexdentatatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 337, pi. 12, fig. 8. 

Fig. 9. VERTIGO pusilla. 

Vertigo pusilla, Pfeiffer, p, 72, pi. 3, fig. 45, 46.. 
Turbo vertigo, Mont. Test, Brit. p. 363, pi. 12, fig. 6. 

Fig. 10. CARYCHIUM minimum. 

Carychium minimum, Pfeiffer, p. 69, pi. 3, fig. 40, 41. 

Turbo carychium, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 339, pi. 22, tig. 2 — This rare shell was recently found near St Bernard's 
Well, on the Water of Leith, by James Gerard, Esq. 

Fig. 16. CLAUSILIA papillaris. 

CiAusiLiA papillaris. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 115. 

Turbo bidens, Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 178, pi. 5, fig. 3. 

Fig. 12. CLAUSILIA bidens. 

Clausilia bidens, Pfeiffer, p. 60, pi. 3, fig, 25. 

Turbo laminatus, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 359, pi. 11, fig. 4. 



Fig. IS. CLAUSILIA BiPLicATus. 



C1.AUSILIA biplicatus. Brown's MSS. 

Turbo biplicatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 361, pi. 11, fig. 5. 

Fig. 14. CLAUSILIA rugosa. 

Clausilia rugosa. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 115. 

Turbo nigricans. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 180. 

Turbo bidens, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 357, pi. 11, fig. 7. 

Fig. 15. CLAUSILIA labiatus. 

Clausilia labiatus. Brown's MSS- 

Turbo labiata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 362, pi. 11, fig. 6. 

Fig. 11. CLAUSILIA perversa. 

Clausilia perversa, Pfeiffcr, p. 62, pi. 3, fig. 28. 
Turbo perversus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 355, pi. 11, fig. 12. 

Fig. 17. CLAUSILIA plicatula. 

Clausilia plicatula. Lam. St/st. vi. partie 2, p. 115 — Turton in Zool. Joiirn. ii. p. 563. 

Fig. 19. BULIMUS oBscuRus.. 

BuLiMus obscurus, Drap. Moll. p. 74, pi- 4, fig. 23. 
Bulimus hordeaceus. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 125. 
Helix obscura, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 

Fig. 22. BULIMUS MONTANus. 

Bulimus montanus, Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 125. 

Helix Lackliamensis, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 394, pi. 11, fig. 3. 



Fig. 20. BULIMUS lubricus. 

BtrLiMUs lubricus. Lain. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 126. 
Helix lubrica, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 390. 

Fig. 21. BULIMUS breVis. 

Bulimus brevis. Brown's MSS..— A new species. Found by me in the limestone quarry on the top of the East 
Lomond Hill, Fifeshire. 



Fig. 18. BULIMUS acutus. 

Bulimus acutus. Lam. Sysl. vi. partie 2, p. 125. 
Turbo fasciatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 346, pi. 22, fig. 1. 

Fig. 23. BULIMUS tuberculatus. 

Bulimus tuberculatus, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 363, pi. 13, fig. 4. — A new species. Found at Pershore in 
Worcestershire. — In the Cabinet of IMr Blomer. 

Fig. 24. BULIMUS decollates. 

BuLMiNUS decoUatus, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 565.— This species bred in great abundance for many succes- 
sive years in the green-house at Watton, South Devon, the seat of H. Studdy, Esq. They lodged in the earth 
under the wood-work. When this wood-work was replaced by stone the colony was lost. Mrs Griffiths and ]\Iiss 
Hill were the only individuals who preserved them. 



PLATE XLI. Continued. 
Fig. 25. BULIMUS lineatus. 

BuLiMUS lineatus, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 565. 
Turbo fuscus, Walker, Test. Min. Rar. fig. 42. 

Fig. 26. BULIMUS minutus. 

BuLiMUs minutus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Douglas Castle amongst Jungermannia in 
the low meadow land below the old tower. 

Fig. 27. LYMNiEA rivulus. 

Lymn;ea rivulus. Brown's MSS. 

Lymnaeus minutus, Pfeiffer, p. 93, pi. 4, fig. 27. 

Turbo rivulus. Walker, Test. Min. Rar. fig. 57.— Mont. Test. Brit. p. 331. 

Fig. 28. CYCLOSTOMA elegans. 

Cyclostoma elegans. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 149. 

Turbo elegans, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 342. — Brown in Ency, Brit. vi. p. 456. 

Fig. 29, 30. CYCLOSTOMA bistriatus. 

CvcLOSTOMA bistriatus. Brown's MSS — A new species. In the cabinet of John Trevelyan, Esq. at Wallington, 
and in Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 31, 32. PLANORBIS corneus. 

Planorbis corneus, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 152. 

Helix cornea, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 448. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 458. 

Fig. 33, 34. PLANORBIS contortus. 

Planorbis contortus. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 154. 

Helix contorts, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 457, pl- 25, fig. 6. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 458. 

Fig. 35, SQ, 37. PLANORBIS carinatus. 

Planorbis carinatus, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 155. 

Helix complanata, Mont. Test Brit. p. 450, pi. 25, fig. 4. 

Helix planorbis. Mat. and Rack, in IJnn. Trans, viii. p. 188, pi. 15, fig. 13. 

Fig. 33. PLANORBIS carinatus. 

Planorbis carinatus. 

Helix cochlea. Brown in Weru. Mem. ii. p. 528, pi. 24, fig. 10. 

Helix terebra, Turton's Conch. Diet. p. 62, pi. 14, fig. 55. — Tliis singular lusits was found by Mr Stephens in 

the Botanic Garden at Trinity College, Dublin. — In the excellent cabinet of my friend DI. J. O'Kelly, Esq. of 

Dublin. 

Fig. 39, 40, 41. PLANORBIS MARGiNATUs. 

Planorbis marginatus, Drap. Moll. p. 45, pi. 2, fig. II, 12, 15. 

Helix carinata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 451. 

Helix planata. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 189, pi. 5, fig. 14. 

Fig. 42, 43. PLANORBIS spirorbis. 

Planorbis spirorbis, La7n. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 153. 

Helix spirorbis, Mont. Test. Bril. p. 455, pi. 25, fig. 2.^Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 458. 



Fig. 44, 45. PLANORBIS vortex. 

Planorbis vortex, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 154. 
Helix vortex, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 454, pi. 25, lig. 3. 

Fig. 46, 47. PLANORBIS imbricatus. 

Planorbis imbricatus. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 155. 

Helix nautileus, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 464, pi. 25, fig. 5. 

Turbo nautileus. Mat. and Rack, in Linn Trans, p. 169, pi. 4, fig. 4 — Brorvn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 457- 

Fig. 48, 49. PLANORBIS fontanus. 

Planorbis fontanus. Brown's MSS. 

Helix fontana, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 462, pi. 6, fig. 6 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 192. 

Fig. 50, 51. PLANORBIS lacustris. 

Planorbis lacustris. Brown's MSS. 

Nautilus lacustris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 191, pi. 6, fig. 3 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 114. 

Fig. .52, 53. PLANORBIS albus. 

Planorbis albus. Brown's MSS. 

Helix alba, Mont. Test Brit. p. 459, pi. 25, fig. 7. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 192. 

Fig. 54, 55. PHYSA fontinalis. 

Physa fontinalis, Lam. Sijst. vi, partie 2, p. 156. 

Bulla fontinalis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 226 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 126, pi. 4, fig. 1. 

f 

Fig. 83, 84. PHYSA fluviatilis. 

Physa fluviatilis. Brown's MSS. 
Helix Bullaeoides, Bon. Brit. Sk. pi. 168, fig. 2. 

Bulla fluviatilis, Turton's Conch. Diet. p. 27- — This shell was found by me in a stream at Clonoony, King's County, 
Ireland, and is quite distinct from P. fontinalis. In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 56, 57. PHYSA ALBA. 

Physa alba, Turton in Zool. Joiirn. ii. p. 363, pi. 13, fig. 3. — Found in the river Towin, in North Wales 

Fig. 58, 59. PHYSA rivalis. 

Physa rivalis. 

Bulla rivalis. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 126, pi. 4, fig. 2. — Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 97. 

Fig. 60, 61. PHYSA hypnorum. 

Physa hypnorum. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 157- • 

Bulla hypnorum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 228 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 127- 

Fig 62, Q3. VALVATA piscinalis. 

Valvata piscinalis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 172. 

Turbo fontinalis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 348, pi. 22, fig. 4. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 168. 

Fig. 64, Q5. VALVATA piscinalis. 
Valvata, piscinalis.— Variety found at Clonoony, King's County, Ireland. 



PLATE XLI. Continued. 
Fig. 66, 67. VALVATA cristata. 

Valvata cristata, Brown's MSS. 

Turbo cristatus. Mat. and Rack, in Linn, Trans, viii. p. 169. 

Helix cristata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 460, fig. i. vig. 7, 8. 

Fig. 68, 69. PALUDINA vivipara. 

Paludina vivipara. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 173. 
Cyclostoma viviparum, Drap. Moll. pi. 1, fig. 16. 

Helix vivipara, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 87. — This shell, rare as a British species, is found in the Eden, in Cumberland. 
— In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 70, 71. PALUDINA achatina. 

Paludina achatina. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 174. 

Helix vivipara, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 386 — Da Costa, pi. 6, fig. 2. 

Fig. 72, 73. PALUDINA impura. 

Paludina impura. Lam. Si/st. vi. partie 2, p. 175. 

Helix tentaculata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 397 — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 93. 

Fig. 74, 75. PALUDINA ventricosa. 

Paludina ventricosa. Brown's MSS — Found plentifully in the ditches in the marshy ground near the River 
Thames, Westminster. 

Fig. 76, 77. AMPLEXIS paludosus. 

Amplexis paludosus, Broivn's MSS. 

Helix paludosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 440. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 193, pi. 5, fig. 5'. 

Fig. 78, 79. AMPLEXIS crenellus. 

Amplexis crenellus, Broivn's MSS. 

Helix crenella, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 441, pi. 13, fig. 3. 

Fig. 80, 81. TROCHOIDEA terrestre. 

Trochoidea terrestre. Brown's MSS. 

Trochus terrestris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 287 — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 111. 

Fig. 82. ACHATINA alba. 

Achatina alba, Brown's MSS. 

Buccinum terrestre, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 248, pi. 8, fig. 3 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii, p. 139. 



IPLATE 41 




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PLATE XLII. 

Fig. 19, 21. LYMNiEA stagnalis. 

LYMNiEA stagnalis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 159. 

Lymneus stagnalis, Drnp. Moll. p. 51^ pi. 2, fig. 38, 39. 

Helix stagnalisj Mont. Test. Brit. p. 367- — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461. 

Fig. 20 and 33. Young shells. 
Fig. 22, 23. LYMN^A fragilis. 

Lymn^a fragilis. Brown's MSS. 

Helix fragilis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 369, pi. 16, fig. 7 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461. 

Fig. 17, 18. LYMNiEA palustris. 

Lymn^ea palustris. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 160. 

Lymneus palustris, Drap. Moll. p. 52, pi. 2, fig. 40, 41, var. a. 

Helix palustris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 370, pi. 16, fig. 10. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461. 

Fig. 4, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, S3. Varieties. 

Fig. 26. Var. b. Black. Drap. p. 52, pi. 2, fig. 42. 
Fig. 11. Var. c. Ash-coloured. Drap. p. 52, pi. 2, fig. 43. 
Fig. 29, 30, 31, 32. I.YMNiEA auricularia. 

Lymn^ea auricularia. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 161. 

Lymneus auricularia, Drap. Moll. p. 49, pi. 2, fig. 28, 29. 

Helix auricularia, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 375, pi. 16, fig. 2. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461- 

Fig. 37. Variety. 
Z.««w. Trans, viii. p. 221, pi. 5, fig. 8*. 

Fig. 10, 11. LYMNiEA ovata. 

Lymn^a ovata. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 161. 

Lymneus ovatus, Drap. Moll. p. 50, pi, 2, fig. 30, 31 — New as a British species. Found by me in ditches at Bury, 
in Lancashire. 

Fig. 8, 9, 36, 38. LYMN^A peregra. 

Lymn^a peregra, Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 161. 
Lymnaeus pereger, Drap. Moll. p. 50, pi. 2, fig. 34, 35. 
Helix peregra, Mo?it. Test. Brit. p. 376, pi. 16, fig. 4. 
Helix putris. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461. 

Fig. 39, 40. LYMNiEA limosa. 

Lymn^a limosa. Brown's MSS. 

Helix limosa, Lin. Syst. ii. p. 1249. — Brown in Wer. Mem. ii. p. 530, pi. 24, fig. 11- 

Fig. 27, 28. LYMNiEA glutinosa. 

Lymn^a glutinosa. Brown's MSS. 

Helix glutinosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 379, pi. 16, fig. 5. 

Fig. 24, 25. LYMNiEA lacustris. 

Lymn.s;a lacustris, Brown's MSS A new species. Found by me in Lochleven, Kinrotshire — In Lady Jardine's 

Cabinet. 



Fig. 1, 2. LYMN^A elongatus. 

LvMNiEA elongatus, Brown's MSS. 

Lyuineus elongatus. Drop. Moll. p. 53, pi. 3, fig. 3, 4. 

Helix octanfracta, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 396, pi. 11, fig. 8. — Linn. Trans, viii. p. 211. 

Fig. 12, 13. LYMN^A fossaria. 

Lymnjea fossaria. Brown's MSS. 

Lymnaea minuta. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 162. 

Hebx fossaria, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 372, pi. 16, tig. 9 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 461. 

Fig. 3, 4. Variety. 

Fig. 34, 35. SUCCINEA oblonga. 

SuccxNEA oblonga. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 135 — Drap. Moll. p. 58, pi. 3, fig. 24, 25. 

Fig. 41, 42. SUCCINEA amphibia. 

SucciNEA amphibia. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 135 — Drap. Moll. p. 58, pi. 3, fig. 22, 23. 

Helix succinea, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 218. 

Helix putris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 376, pi. 16, fig. 4. 



PILATE 42 




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f.'aar-avc^. hu ff.ZJ,ia^irs BdmAioy/i.. 



PLATE XLIII. 

Fig. 4, 5. NERITINA fluviatilis. 

Nehitina fluviatilis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 188. 

Nerita fluviatilis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 470. — Broivn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 462. 

Fig. 14, 15, 21. NERITOIDES littoralis. 

Nebitoides littoralis. Brown's MSS. 

Nerita littoralis, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 467- — Broivn, Ency. Brit. iv. p. 462. 

Fig 22. NERITOIDES littoralis. Young shell. 
Fig. 8, 10. NATICA glaucina. 

Natica glaucina, Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 196. 

Nerita glaucina, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 469. — Brown in Ency. Brit. p. 462. 

Fig. 1, 2. NATICA glaucina. Young shell. 
Fig. 13, 16. NATICA canrena. 

Natica canrena. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 199. 

Nerita canrena, Morit. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 148 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 462. 

Fig. 3, 6. NATICA RUFA. 

Natica rufa. Brown's MSS. 

Nerita rufa, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 150 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 462. 

Fig. 9, 12. NATICA glabrissima. 

Natica glabrissima. Brown's MSS. 

Nerita glabrissimus, Brotvn in Wern. Mem. ii. p. 532, pi. 24, f. 12. 

Fig. 17, 19. NATICA pallidula. 

Natica pallidula. Brown's MSS. 

Nerita pallidula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 468. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 462. 

Fig. 9, 11. NATICA mammilla. 

Natica mammilla. Lam. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 197. 
Nerita mammilla. Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 462. 
Nerita nitida, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 149.— Although this species has been found in many diflferent parts of the 

coast around Great Britain, yet I am inclined to think it is not indigenous, but has been brought in ballast, 

being a common shell in the West Indies. 

Fig 18, 20. NERITA tuberosissima. 

Nerita tuberosissima, Mo?it. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 150— This shell has also a foreign aspect. 



PILATE . 43. 










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PLATE XLIV. 

Fig. 5, 7. BULL^A APEUTA. 

BuLL.^5A aperta, Lam. Syit. vi. partie ii. p. 30. 

Bulla aperta^ Mont. Test. Brit. p. 208 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 433. 

Fig. ], 2. SIGARETUS haliotoideus. 

SiGARETUs HaliotoideuSj ham. Syst. vi. partie ii. p. 208. 

Bulla Haliotoidea, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 211, pi. 7) f- 6 — Brown i?i Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 3, 4. SIGARETUS flexilis. 

SiGARETUs flexilisj Brown's MSS. 

Bulla flexilis, Mont. Test. Brit. Suj). p. 168. 

Fig. 9. LAMELLARIA membranacea. 

Lamellaria membranacea, Mont, in Lin. Tr. xi. p. 184, pi. 12, fig. 3, 4. 

Fig. 14, 15. LAMELLARIA plumula. 

Lamellaria plumula. Brown's MSS. 

Bulla plumula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 214, pi. 15, f. 9. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 11, 13. OVULA patula. 

OvuLA patula. Lam. 

Bulla patula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 93. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 434. 

Fig. 8, 12. CYPR.^A EuROPEA. 

Cypr.s:a Europea, Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 433. 
Cypraea pediculus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 200. 

Fig. 6. CYPR^A Europea. 

CvPR^ffiA Europea. The young shell in its first stage of growth. 
Bulla diaphana, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 225. pi. 7- f- 8. 

Fig. 7. CYPR^A Europea. 

Cyprjea Europea. The young shell in a more advanced stage than Fig. 6. 
Cypreea bullata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 202, pi. 6, f. 1. 



FliATE 44 





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PLATE XLV. 

* UmUlicated. 
Fig. 12, 15. TROCHUS magus. 

Trochus magus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 283.— P(?««. Brit. Zool. iv. t. 80. f. 107 Brown in Enri/. Brit. vi. p. 4.')0. 

Fig. 9, 11. TROCHUS umbilicatus. 

Tbochus umbilicatus. Maul. Te.it. Brit. p. 28G — Bonov. Brit. Shells, iii. t. 75. — Three middle figures. — Tur- 
ton's Brit. Fauna, p. 178- 

Fig. 2, 8. TROCHUS tumidus. 

Trochus tumidus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 280 — Turton, Brit. Fauna, p. 177- 

Fig. 5, 8. TROCHUS cinekarius. 

Trochus cinerarius, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 284 — Brown in Enctj. Brit. vi. p. 450 Turton, Brit. Fauna, p. 178. 

Fig. 10. TROCHUS ltneatus, Variety. — In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 
Fig. 1, 4. TROCHUS littoralis. 

Trochus littoralis. Brown's MSS. — A new species, from Killoch, county of Down In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

** Not Umbilicated. 
Fig. 16, 19. TROCHUS zizyphinus. 

TbOchus zizyphinus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 274. — Brown, Ency. Brit. iv. p. 452. 

Fig. 17, 18. TROCHUS zizyphinus, Variety without markings. — Lady Jardine's Cabinet, 

From Tenby, Wales. 

Fig. 21, 22. TROCHUS zizyphinus. 

Thochus zizyphinus, a beautiful smooth variety dredged in the German Ocean, off Sunderland, by Mr Dixon, 
Bishop- Wearmouth In Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 24, 29. TROCHUS zizyphinus. 

Trochus zizyphinus, a beautiful smooth variety dredged off the Coast of Down, in Ireland. — The above two 
smooth varieties are found in very deep water — Lady Jardine's Cabinet. 

Fig. 20, 23. TROCHUS discrepans. 

Thochus discrepans, Bronn in Wer. Mem. ii. p. 501. pi. 24. Figs. 4, 4. 

Fig. 6, 7. TROCHUS crassus. 

Trochus crassus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 281. — Browti in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 452. 
Trochus lineatus, Donov. Brit. Sh. ii. p. 271- 

Fig. 13, 14. TROCHUS papillosus. 

Trochus papillosus. Mat. and Rack, in Lin. Tr. viii. p. 155 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 452. 
Trochus tenuis, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 275. — Turton, Brit. Fauna, p. 177- 

Fig. 25, 26. TROCHUS erythroleucos. 

Trochus erythroleucos, Turton s Untie, v. p. 463 Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 452. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 227- 



PILATE. 45. 









25 








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PLATE XLVI. 

Pig. 33, 34. TURBO striatulos. 

Turbo striatulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 306, pi. 10, fig. 5. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 172. 

Fig. 35. TURBO quadrifasciatus. 

Turbo quadrifasciatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 328, pi. 20, fig. 7 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 167- 

Fig. 23. TURBO aureus. 

Turbo aureus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Seaton by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq In the cabinet at 

Wallington. 

Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. TURBO littoreus. 

Turbo littoreus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 301. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 453. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. 
p. 158, pi. 4, fig. 8, 9, 10, 11. 

Fig. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 25. TURBO rudis. 

Turbo rudis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 304. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 159, pi. 4, fig. 12, 13. 

Fig. 15, 16. TURBO jugosus. 

Turbo jugosus, Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 158, pi, 4, fig. 7- — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 586, pi. 20, fig. 2. 

Fig. 18, 19. TURBO tenebrosus. 

Turbo tenebrosus, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 303, pi. 20, fig. 4. — Pulteney in Hutch. Dorset, pi. 18, fig. 15. 

Fig. 20, 21. TURBO labiatus. 
Turbo labiatus. Brown's MSS — A new shell. Found at Penzance by General Bingham, and in his cabinet. 

Fig. 22. TURBO dispar. 
Turbo dispar, Montagu in Linn. Trans, xi. p. 195, pi. 13, fig. 4. 

Fig. 17. TURBO petrous. 

Tubbo petrous, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 403. — Pulte7iey in Hutch. Dorset, pi. 18, fig. 13. 

Fig. 24. TURBO neritiformis. 

Turbo neritiformis. Brown's MSS.— A new shell. Found by me in Lough Strangford, Ireland, adhering to stones 
near Downpatrick. 

Fig. 26, 27. TURBO ziczac. 

Turbo ziczac, Mai. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 160, pi. 4, fig. 14. 

Umhilicated. 
Fig. 28, 29. TURBO Margarita. 

Turbo Margarita, Brown's MSS. 

Helix Margarita, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 143. 

Fig. 30, 31. TURBO olivaceus. 

Tubbo olivaceus. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Greenock by Stewart Ker, Esq. Not uncommon. 

Fig. 36, 37. TURBO carneus. 

Turbo carneus, Lowe in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 107, pl. 5, fig- 12, 13 — A new species. Found by R. T. Lowe, Esq. 
at Oban, Argyllshire. 



Fig. 38, 39. TURBO fabalis. 

'J'unBO fabalis, Turton in Zoul. Jonrn. ii. p. 366, pi. 13, fig. 10.— Discovered on the rocks at Scarborough by Mr 
Bean. 

Fig. 40, 41. PHASIANELLA stylifera. 

Phasianella stylifera, Tnrlon in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 367, pl- 13, fig. 11 — Found by Dr Turton attached to tiie 
spines of the Echinus esculent us, dredged up in Torbay. 

Fig. 42. PHASIANELLA pullus. 

Phasianella pullus. Brown's MSS. 

Turbo pullus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 319— Z)on. Brit. Hh. pi. 2, fig. 2-6. 

Fig. 43. PHASIANELLA crassior. 

PHASIANELLA crassior, Brown's MSS. 

Turbo crassior, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 309, pi. 20, fig. 1. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 159. 

Fig, 44, 45. PHASIANELLA bifasciata. 

PHASIANELLA bifasciata.— A new species. Found at Portobello by General Bingham adhering to Algae. — In 
his cabinet. 

Fig. 4G. PHASIANELLA vinctus. 

Phasianella vinctus, Browns MSS. 

Turbo vinctus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 307, pi- 20, fig. 2.— Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 167. 

Fig. 47. PHASIANELLA corneus. 

Phasianella corneus. Brown's MSS A neAv species. Found by me at Portobello. 

Fig. 48. PHASIANELLA canalis. 

Phasianella canalis. Brown's MSS. 

Helix canalis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 309, pi. 12, fig. 11 — Mat. ajid Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 220. 

Fig, 49. PHASIANELLA striatus. 

Phasianella striatus. Brown's IMSS. — A new species. Found by me at the rock of St Skae, Forfarshire. 

Fig. 54. PHASIANELLA fasciata. 

Phasianella fasciata. Brown's MSS. 

Helix fasciata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 446 — Adams in Linn. Trans, v. pi. 1, fig. 20, 21. 

Fig. 50, 51. LUTE A subpellucida. 

Ll'tea subpellucida, Brown's MSS. 

Helix lutea, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 380, pi. 16, fig. 6 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 222. 

Fig. 52, 53. LUTEA lacuna. 

Lutea lacuna. Brown's MSS. 

Helix lacuna, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 428, pi. 13, fig. 6. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 201. 



PJ.AT1R 46. 




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PLATE XLVII. 

« 

Fig. 1, 4, FUSUS Bamffius. 

Fusus Bamffius, Brown's MSS. 

Murex Bamffius, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 117- — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 449. 

Fig. 2. FUSUS ASPERRIMUS. 
Fusus asperrimiis, Leach's MSS. — A New Shell found on the Dorsetshire coast, and in the British Museum. 

Fig. 3. FUSUS ELEGANS. 
Fusus elegans. Leach's MSS.— A New Shell found on the Devonshire Coast, and in the British Museum. 

Fig. 7, 9. FUSUS cornbus. 

Fusus corneus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex corneus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 258.— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 448. 

Fig. 11, 12. FUSUS CORNEUS. 

Fusus corneus. Variety found at Seaton by W. C. Trevelyan, Esq., and in the cabinet at Wallington. 

Fig. 8. FUSUS ANTIQUUS. 

Fusus antiquus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex antiquus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 257 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 447- 

Fig. 10, 13. FUSUS SUB-ANTIQUATUS. 

Fusus sub-antiquatus. Brown's MSS. 
Murex antiquus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 115. 

Murex sub-antiquatus, Linn. Trans, viii. p. 147.— jBrowra in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 447- — I hare great doubts of this be- 
ing a British shell. 

Fig. 5, 6. MUREX erinaceus. 

MuKEX erinaceus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 259.-— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 446.— -Tur ion's Brit. Fauna, p. 174. 



iLATE 47. 




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PLATE XLVIII. 

Fig. 26. CERITHIUM costatum. 

Cbbithium costatunij Brown's MSS. 

Strombus costatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 255 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 142.— Z)o». Brit. Sh. pi. 94. 

Fig. 27. CERITHIUM minutum. 

Cbrithiom minutunij Brown's MSS. 

Strombus turbofortnis, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 110, pi. 30, fig. 7- 

Fig. 63. CERITHIUM reticulatum. 

Cerithium reticulatum. Brown's MSS. 

Murex reticulatus, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 272 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 150. 

Strombiformis reticulatus, Da Costa's Brit. Conch, p. 117, pi. 8, fig. 3. 

* Reversed* 

Fig. 64.. CERITHIUM adversum. 

Cerithium adversum. Brown's MSS. 

Murex adversus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 271. — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 159. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 126. 

Fig. m. CERITHIUM tuberculatum. 

Cerithium tuberculatum. Brown's MSS. 

Murex tuberculatum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 2*^0.— Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii, p. 150. 

Fig. 40. PLEUROTOMA sinuosa. 

Pleubotoma sinuosa, Brown's MSS. 

Murex sinuosus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 264, pi. 9, fig. 8. — Mat. and Rack, in Litm. Trans, viii. p. 143. 

Fig. 29, SO. PLEUROTOMA reticulata. 

Pleurotoma reticulata, Brown's MSS.— A new species. Found by Stewart Ker, Esq. at Rowe. — In Lady Jar- 
dine's cabinet. 

Fig. 31, 32, S3. FUSUS carinatus. 

Fusus carinatus, Brotvn's MSS. 

Murex carinatus, Laskey in Wern. Mem. i. p. 400, pi. 8, fig. 9 — This is not the young of Penn. Bril. Zool. pi. 17, 
fig. 96, as he supposes. 

Fig. 25. FUSUS PURPUREUS. 

Fusus purpureus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex purpureus, Mont. Test. Bril. p. 260, pi. 9, fig. 3 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 1 48. 

Fig. 51, 52. FUSUS turriculus. 

Fusus turriculus, Brown's MSS. 

Murex turricula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 268, pi. 9, fig. 5 — Mat. arid Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 144. 

Fig. 1, 2. FUSUS lineatus. 

Fusus lineatus. Brown's MSS — A new species. Pound on the coast of Ireland by Dr Drummond of Dublin.— lu 
the cabinet of Dr Leach, British Museum. 



Fig. 5. FUSUS Cranchii. 

Fusus Crnncliii, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found on the Devonshire Coast — In the cabinet of Dr Leach, 
British Museum. 

Fig. 45, 46. FUSUS cosTATus. 

Fusus costatus, Brown's MSS. 

Murex costatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 265 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 144. 

Fig. 47, 48. FUSUS rufus. 

Fusus rufus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex rufus, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 263. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 145. 

Fig. 18, 24. FUSUS MINUTUS. 

Fusus minutus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me in Lough Strangford, Ireland In Lady Jardine's 

cabinet. 

Fig. 56, 57. FUSUS punctatus. 

Fusus punctatus. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Holy Island, coast of Northumberland In 

Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 12, 13. FUSUS GYRiNus. 

Fusus gyrinus, Brown's MSS. 

Blurex gyrinus, Mont, Test. Brit, Stij). p. 170. 

Fig. 14, 15. FUSUS ACCiNCTUs. 

Fusus accinctus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex accinctus, Mont. Test, Brit. Sup. p. 114. 

Fig. 41, 42. FUSUS fasciatus. 

Fusus fasciatus, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig 22, 23. FUSUS LINEARIS. 

Fusus linearis, Brown's MSS. 

Murex linearis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 261, pi. 9, fig. 4. 

Fig. 40. FUSUS PROxiMus. 

Fusus proximus. Brown's MSS. 

Murex proximus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup, p. 118, pi. 30, fig. 8. 

Fig. 37, 38. FUSUS attenuatus. 

Fusus atlenuatus. Brown's MSS, 

Murex attenuatus, Mont, Test, Brit. p. 266, pi. 9, fig. 6. 

Fig. 16, 17. FUSUS gracilis. 

Fusus gracilis, Brown's MSS. 

Murex gracilis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 267, pl- 15, fig. 5, and p. 586. 

Fig. 10. FUSUS NEBULA. 
Fusus nebula. Brown's MSS. 
Murex nebula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 267, pl- 15, fig. 6. 

Fig. 11. FUSUS SEPTANGULARIS. 

Fusus septangularis. Brown's MSS. 

Murex septangularis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 268, pl. 9, fig. 5. 

Fig. 8, 9. FUSUS cRAssus. 

Fusus crassus, Brown's MSS. — A new shell. Found at Prestonpans by me.— In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 



PLATE XLVIII. Continued. 
49, 50. FUSUS DiscREPANs. 

Fusus discrepans. Brown's MSS A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 3, 4. FUSUS Fuscus. 

Fusus fuscus. Brown's MSS A new species. Found by me at Killinchy, Lough Strangford, county of Down, 

Ireland. 

Fig. 43, 44. FUSUS castaneus. 

Fusus castaneus. Brown's MSS A new shell. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. d, 7. FUSUS discors. 

Fusus discors, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at Portobello.— In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 53, 55. FUSUS decussatus. 

Fusus decussatus, Brown's MSS. — A new shell. Found by me at Killough, county of Down, Ireland. — In Lady 
Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 25, 36. FUSUS minimus. 

Fusus minimus, Brotvn's MSS — A new species. Found by me at Holy Island — In my cabinet. 

Fig. 34. FUSUS brevis. 

Fusus brevis. Brown's MSS A new species. Found by me at Dunbar. — In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 19, 20. FUSUS pyramidatus. 

Fusus pyramidatus. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at St Abbs Head — In my cabinet. 

Fig. 58, 59. FUSUS subnigeris. 

Fusus subnigeris, Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by me at St Cyrus, Kincardineshire. — In my cabinet. 

Fig. 62. FUSUS ALBus. 

Fusus albus. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found by General Bingliam at Dunbar — In liis cabinet. 

Fig. Q5. FUSUS picTus. 

Fusus pictus, Brown's MSS. 

Purpura picta, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 365, pi. 13, lig. 8. — Found in the British Channel. 

Fig. 28. MUREX muricatus. 

MuBEX muricatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 262, pi. 9, fig. 2. — Mat. and Hack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 149. 

Fig. 60. MUREX craticulatus. 

MuBEX craticulatus. Brown's MSS A new species. Found by me at Holy Island. — In Lady Jardine's cabinet. 

Fig. 39. ROSTELLARIA pes-pelecani. 

RosTELLARiA pes-pelecaui. Lam. Sysl. vii. p. 193. 
Strombus pes-pelecani, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 253. 

Fig. 21. ROSTELLARIA pes-pelecani. Young shell. 
Fig. 61. ACHATINA alba. 

AcHATiNA'alba, Browns MSS. 

Buccinum terrestre, Mont, Test Brit. p. 248, pi. 8, fig. 3. 



FI.ATE 48. 

8 




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PLATE XLIX. 

Fig. 1. CASSIDARIA l^ve. 

Cassidaria laeve, Brown's MSS. ' 

Buccinum laeve, Adams in Linn, Trails, iii. pi. 13, fig. 7> 8. — Mont. Test. Biil.p. 251 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. 
Trans, viii. p. 140. 

Fig. 2. CASSIDARIA minuta. 

Cassidaria minuta. Brown's MSS. 

Buccinum minutum, Adams in Linn. Trans, iii. pi. 13, fig. 5, 6.—Mo7it. Test. Bril. p. 250. — Mat. and Rack, in 
Linn. Trans, p. 140. 

Fig. 3. CASSIDARIA obtusa. 

Cassidaria obtusa. Brown's MSS. 

Buccinum obtusissimum, Adams in Linn. Trans, iii. pi. 13, fig. 9, 10. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 251. 

Fig. 4.. PURPURA LAPiLLus. 

Purpura lapillus. Lam. Syst. vii. p. 244. 

Buccinum lapillus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 239 — Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 72, fig. 89 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 441 . 
—The ordinary variety, with the outer lip thick. Found on most rocky shores. 

Fig. 5. PURPURA LAPILLUS. 

PuBPUBA lapillus, Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 72, fig. 89, 3d.— With outer lip thin, and the body and spires fasciated. 

Fig. 6. PURPURA lapillus. 

Purpura Anglicanae, Lister's Conch, pi. 965, fig. 18.— Lister does not say from whence he obtained this singular 
variety. 

Fig. 7. PURPURA lapillus. 

Purpura lapillus.— A variety with outer lip thin, and devoid of the strong spiral striae. This variety is very com- 
mon of all colours, adhering to the pillars of the bridge at Montrose. 

Fig. 8. BUCCINUM undatum. 

Buccinum undatum. Lam. Syst. vii. p. 263. — Mont. Test. Brit. p. 237 — Penn. Brit. Zool. iv. pi. 73, fig. 90. — Don. 
Brit. Sh. pi. 104 — Brown i?i Ency. Brit. vi. p. 443 — This was figured from a fine and large specimen in the 
cabinet of John Nicol, Esq. 

Fig. 9, 10. BUCCINUM undatum. 

Buccinum undatum.— A reversed lusus. Found by Walter Calverly Trevelyan, Esq. at Ramsgate In the ca- 
binet at Wallington. 

Fig. 11. BUCCINUM anglicanum. 

Buccinum Anglicanum, Lain. Syst. vii. p. 264. 

Buccinum striatum, Pemi. Brit. Zool. iv. p. 121. — List. Angl. p. 157, pi- 3, fig. 3 — This shell lias been long sup- 
posed to be only a variety of the B. undatum. It is common on the whole western coast of Great Britain and 
east coast of Ireland, but is seldom met with on the east coast of Britain. 

Fig. 12, 13. BUCCINUM glaciale. 

Buccinum glaciale, Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 154 — Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 109. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. 
p. 136.'— Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 442.— Tnrton in Zool. Jour it. ii. p. 564.— Taken alive at Torbay. 



Fig. 14. BUCCINUM HUMPHREYSIANUM. 

BucciNUM Huniphreysianum, Bennel in Zool. Journ. i. p. 398 Found in the harbour of Cork, Ireland, by E. T. 

' Bennet, Esq. 

Fig. 15. BUCCINUM ovum. 

BucciNUM ovum, Turlon in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 366, pi. 13, fig. 9 Dredged off Plymouth. 

Fig. 16, 17. BUCCINUM breve. 

BucciNUM breve, Adams in Linn. Trans, iii. pi. 13, fig. 3, 4 Mont. Test. Brit. p. 250. 

Fig. 18. BUCCINUM obtusulum. 

BucciNUM obtusulum, Walker's Test. Min. Rar. pi. 3, fig. 89. — Adams' Micr. pi. 14, fig. 25. — Mont. Test. Brit. 
p. 250. 

* Columella callous^ (N^assee.) 
Fig. 19. BUCCINUM hepaticum. 

BucciNUM hepaticum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 243, pi. 8, fig. 1. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. ISS.-^Bronm 
in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 441. 

Fig. 20, 21. BUCCINUM ambiguum. 

BucciNUM ambiguum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 242, pi. 9, fig. 7 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 138, pi. 4, 
fig, 5 Brown in Encij. Brit. vi. p. 443. 

Fig. 22. BUCCINUM reticulatum. 

BucciNUM reticulatum, Mon. Test. Brit. p. 240. — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 76 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 443. 

Fig. 23. BUCCINUM macula. 

BucciNUM macula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 241, pi. 8, fig. 4. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. pi. 4, fig. 4.— 
Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 443. 

Fig. 24. BUCCINUM varicosum. 

BucciNUM varicosum. Brown's MSS. 

Tritonia varicosa, Turton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 365, pi. 13, fig. 7- — Discovered by Mr Grifliith, in Torbay. 

Fig. 25. BUCCINUM minimum. 

BucciNUM minimum, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 247, pl- 8, fig. 2. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 138.— .Brown 
iu Ency. Brit. vi. p. 443. 

Fig. 26. BUCCINUM Bryerium. 

BucciNUM Bryerium, Brown's MSS. 
% Turbo Bryereus, Mont, Test, Brit. p. 313, pi. 15, fig. 8. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 172. 



LATE ^3. 




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PLATE L. 



Fig. 1, 2. PYRAMIS sEMicosTATus. 



Pybamis semicostatus. Brown's MSS. 

Turbo semicostatus, Mont. Test. Brit.^. 326, pi. 21, fig. 5. 



Fig. 3. PYRAMIS SEMISTRIATUS. 



Pyhamis semistriatus. Brown's MSS. 

Turbo semistriatus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 136. 



Fig. 4. PYRAMIS calythiscus. 

Pybamis calythiscus, Brown's MSS. 

Turbo calythiscus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 132, pi. 30, fig. 5. 

Fig. 5, 6. PYRAMIS maculatus. 

Pyramis maculatus. — A new shell. Discovered by Sir A. Molesworth in sand opposite Padstow ; and found at 
Weymouth by Dr Goodall — In the cabinet of Dr Goodall. 

Fig. 7. PYRAMIS disjunctus. 

Pyramis disjunctus, Brown's MSS. 

Turbo disjunctus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 128 — haskey in JVern. Mem. i. p. 405, pi. 8, fig. 3. 

Fig. 8. PYRAMIS sTRiGATus. 

Pyramis strigatus. Brown's MSS. 
Turbo strigatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 331. 

Fig. 10. JAMINIA INTERSTINCTA. 

Jaminia interstincta, Brotvn's MSS. 

Turbo interstinctus, Mo7it. Test. Brit. p. 324, pi. 12, fig. 10. 

Fig. 11. JAMINIA puLLus. 

Jaminia pullus. — A new species. Found by me at Montrose. — In my cabinet 

Fig. 12. PYRAMIS arenaria. 

Pyramis arenaria. Brown's MSS. 

Helix arenaria. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 214. 

Turbo decussatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 322, pi. 12, fig. 4. 

Fig. 13. PYRAMIS subrufus. 

Pyramis subrufus. Brown's MSS. 
Turbo subrufus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 334. 

Fig. 9, 14, 15, 41. PYRAMIS ulv^. 

Pyramis ulvae, Brown's MSS. 

Turbo ulvae, Mont. Test Brit. p. 318. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 164. 

Fig. 16, 19. PYRAMIS albulus. 

Pyramis albulus, Brown's MSS. 
Turbo albulus, Mont. Test Brit. p. 332. 



Fig. 17. PYRAMIS RUBER. 

Turbo ruber, Mont. Test, lirit. p. 320, 

Fig. 18. PYRAMIS turriculus. 
Pyhamis turriculus — A new species. Found by Br Goodall on the Devonshire Coast. — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 20. PYRAMIS Adamsii. 

Pyramis Adamsii, 

Turbo Adamsii, Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trun.s-. viii. p. 185. 

Turbo elegans, Adam.s in Linn. Trans iii. p, Q6, pi. 13, fig. 31, 32. 

Fig. 21. PHASIANELLA scriptus. 

Phasianella scriptus. 

Turbo scriptus, Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 185. 

Fig. 22. PYRAMIS striatus. 

Pyramis striatus, BvQivn's MSS. 

Helix striata, Mat. a7id Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 20'^.— Walker's Test. Min. Rar. pi. 1, fig. 27. 



Fig. 23, 24. PYRAMIS labiosus. 

Pyramis labiosus. 

Turbo labiosus. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 164. 

Helix labiosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 400, pi. 13, fig. 7. 

Fig. 25, 26. PYRAMIS nivosus. 

Pyramis nivosus. 

Turbo nivosus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 326. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 163. 

Fig. 27, 28. PYRAMIS obtusus. 

Pyramis obtusus.— A new species. Found by General Bingham at St Fergus Bay, Peterhead. 

Fig. 29. PYRAMIS Binghami. 

Pyramis Binghami.— A new species. Found by General Bingham at St Fergus Bay, Peterhead. 

Fig. 30. PYRAMUS reticulatus. 

Pyramis reticulatus. 

Turbo reticulatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 322. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 172. 

Fig. 31. PYRAMIS cANDiDUs. 

Pyramis candidus.— 'A new species. Found at Belton sands by General Bingham. — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 32. PYRAMIS discors. 

Pyramis discors.— A new species. Found by General Bingham at Dunbar. 

Fig. 34, 35. JAMINIA unidentata. 

Jaminia unidentata. Brown's MSS. 

Turbo unidentatus, Motit. Test. Brit. p. 324. 



PLATE L. Continued. 
Fig. 36. PYRAMIS acutissimus. 

Pyramis acutissimus — A new shell. Found on Belton sands by General Bingham. 

Fig. 37. PYRAMIS GLABRUS. 
Pybamis glabrus — A new species. Found at Belton sands by General Bingham. — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 38. JAMINIA obtusa. 

Jaminia obtusa A new shell. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 

Fig. 39. PYRAMIS Lamarckii. 

Pyramis Lamarckii. — A new species. Found at Belton sands by General Bingham — In his cabinet. 

Pig. 40. PYRAMIS SPIRALIS. 

Turbo spiralis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 323. 

Fig. 42. PYRAMIS approximus. 
Pyramis approximus. — A new species. Found by General Bingham at Belton sands — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 43. PYRAMIS punctura. 

Pyramis punctura. 

Turbo punctura, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 320, pi. 12, fig. 5. 

Fig. 44. PYRAMIS subumbilicatus. 

Pybamis subumbilicatus, Mont. Test. Brit.T^. 316 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 165. 

Fig. 45. PYRAMIS interruptus. 

Pybamis interruptus. 

Turbo interruptus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 327, pi- 20, fig. 8. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 166. 

Fig. 46, 48. PYRAMIS unicus. 

Pybamis unicus. 

Turbo unicus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 311, pi. 10, fig. 6 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 174. 

Fig. 47. PYRAMIS iNDisTiNCTus. 



Pybamis indistinctus. 

Turbo indistinctus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 129. 

Fig, 49, 50. PYRAMIS subt«uncatus. 

Pybamis subtruncatus. 

Turbo subtruncatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 300, pi. 10, fig. 1. 

Fig. 51, 52. PYRAMIS L^vis. 

Pybamis iaevis.— -A iiew species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham In his cabinet. 

Fig. 53. PYRAMIS cRf;NAWs. 

Pyramis crenatus — A new species. Found by General Bingham at Belton, — In his cabinet. 



Fig. 54. PYRAMIS nitidissimus. 

Pyuamis nitidissimus. 

Turbo nitidissimus, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 299, pi. 12, fig. 1. — Mai. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 175. 

Fig. 55, 56. PYRAMIS parvus. 

Pyarmis parvus. 

Turbo parvus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 310. « 

Turbo lacteus, Don. Bril. Sh. pi. 90. 

Fig. 57. PYRAMIS decussatus. 

Pyramis decussatus. 

Turbo striatus. Mat, and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 173 Walker's Test. Min. Rar. fig. 49. 

Fig. 58. PYRAMIS lacteus. 

Pyramis lacteus.^A new species. Found by me at Belton sands. 

Fig. 59, 60. PYRAMIS politus. 

Pykamis politus. 

Helix polita, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 398 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 210. 

Fig. 61. PYRAMIS elegantissimus. 

Pykamis elegantissimus. 

Helix elegantissima, Moiit. Test. Brit. p. 298, pi. 10, fig. 2. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn, Trans, viii. p. 209. 

Fig. 62. PYRAMIS subarcuatus. 

Turbo subarcuatus. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 185 Adams in Linn. Trans, iii. p. QQ, pi. 13, 

fig. 27, 28. 

Fig. 63. PYRAMIS pyuamidillus. 

Pyramis pyramidiUus. 

Helix decussatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 399, pi. 15, (ig. 7. 

Fig. 64, Q5. PYRAMIS subulatus. 

Pyramis subulatus. 

Helix subulata, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 142 Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 172. 

Fig. m. PYRAMIS spiROLiNus. 

Pyramis spirolinus— A new species. Found by me on the coast of St ('yrus, Kincardineshire. 

Fig. 67. PYRAMIS carinatulus. • 

Pyramis carinatulus. 

Turbo carinatulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 331. 

Fig. 68. PYRAMIS coniferus. 

Pyramis coniferus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 314, pi. 15, fig. 2,,— Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 173. 

Fig. 69. PYRAMIS suLCATus. 

Pyramis sulcatus.— A new species. Found at Dunbar by General Bingham. 



PLATE L. Continued. 
Fig. 70, 71. PYRAMIS DiscuEPANs. 

Pybamis discrepans. — A new species. Found by Dr Goodall on the Devonshire coast — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 72. PYRAMIS FuscATus. 

Pyramis fuscatus. — A new species. Pound by me at Port-Seaton. 

Fig. 73. PYRAMIS ciNGiLLusk 

Pyramis cingillus. 

Turbo cingillus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 328, pi. 12, fig. T.—'Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 165. 

Fig. 74. PYRAMIS cosTATUs. 

Pyramis costatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 311, pi. 10, tig. (3. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 174. 

Fig. 75. PYRAMIS ALBus. 

Pyramis albus.— A new species. Found by me at Belton sands, near Dunbar. 

Fig. 76. PYRAMIS CRYSTALLINUS. 
Pyramis crystallinus — A new species. Found by George Lyons, Esq. at Tenby. — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 77. PYRAMIS NiDENs. 

Pyramis nidens A new species. Found by me at Dunbar. 

Fig. 78. PYRAMIS Bryereus. 

Pyramis Bryereus. 

Turbo Bryereus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 313, pi. 15, (ig. 8 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. I72. 

Fig. 79. PYRAMIS Zetlandicus. 

Pybamis Zetlandicus. 

Turbo Zetlandicus, Montagu in Linn. Trans, xi. p. 194, pi. 13, tig. 3. — Found in the Isle of Noss in Zetland by 
Dr Fleming. 

Fig. 80. PYRAMIS denticulatus. 

Pyramis denticulatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 315. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 173. 

Fig. 81. PYRAMIS viTREus. 

Pyramis vitreus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 321, pi. 12, fig. 3 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 213. 

Fig. 82. PYRAMIS vitreus. Var. 
Fig. 83. PYRAMIS GRAPHicus. 

Pysamis graphicus. 

Turbo graphicus. Brown in Wcrn. Mem. ii. p. 521, pi. 24, fig. 6. 





(fm 



FJLATE 50. 

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PLATE LI. 

Fig. 21, 22. PYRAMIS cimex. 

Pyramis cimex, Brown's BISS. 

Turbo cimex, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 315. — Don. Brit. Sh. pi. 2, fig. 1 Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. l()3. 

Fig. 19. PYRAMIS LABiosus. 

Pyramxs labiosus. 

Helix labiosa, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 400, pi. 13, fig. 7 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 164. 

Fig. 20. PYRAMIS siMXLis. 

Pyramis similis. — A new species. Found by the Rev. W. Molesworth, in sand opposite Padstovv Harbour In the 

cabinet of Dr Goodall. 

Fig. 24. PYRAMIS pallidus. 

Pyramis pallidus, Mont. Test. Brit, Sup. p. 133. 

Voluta ambigua. Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 132, 

Fig. 23. PYRAMIS retiformis. 

Turbo retiformis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 330. 

Fig. 25. PYRAMIS pullus. 
Pyramis pullus — A new species. Found by me at Holy Island. — In my cabinet. 

Fig. 27, 59. PYRAMIS ventrosus. 

Turbo ventrosus, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 317, pi. 12, fig. 13 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii, p. 164. 

Fig. 26. PYRAMIS Sandvicensis. 

Pykamis Sandvicensis, 

Turbo Sandvicensis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 332. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, p. 187- 

Fig. 28. PYRAMIS unifasciatus. 
Tu R BO unifasciatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 327, pi. 20, fig. 6. 

Fig. 29. PYRAMIS vittatus. 

Pykamis vittatus. — A new species. Found by General Bingham at Belton, East Lothian. 

Fig. 30. PYRAMIS trifasciatus. 

Pyramis trifasciatus. 

Turbo trifasciatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 327. 

Fig. 31. PYRAMIS truncatus. 

Turbo truncatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 300, pi. 10, fig. 7- 

Fig. 32, 33. DELPHINOIDEA unispihala. 

Deli'hinoidea unispirala. Brown's MSS. 

Helix unispiralis, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 443..^J/«/. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 204. 



Fig. 34, 37. DELPHINOIDEA globosa. 

Delphinoidea globosa. 

Helix globosa, Monl. Test. Brit. j). 444. — Ma/, and Had., in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 203. 

Fig. 35, 36. DELPHINOIDEA depressa. 

DELriiiNoiDEA depressa. 

Helix depressa, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 439. 

Fig. 40, 41. DELPHINOIDEA serpuloidea. 

DELPHINOIDEA serpuloidea. 

Helix serpiiloides, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup- p. 147, pi- 21, fig. W. 

Fig. 42, 44. DELPHINOIDEA nitidissima. 

DELPHINOIDEA nitidissima. 

Helix nitidissima, Mont. Test. Brit. j). 447. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 205. 

Fig. 43, 52. DELPHINOIDEA coarctata. 

Hkmx coarctata, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 445. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 204. 

Fig. 45, 47. DELPHINOIDEA resupinata. 

Helix resupinata, Monl, Test. Brit. p. 444. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 203. 

Fig. 50, 51. DELPHINOIDEA bicolor. 

Helix bicolor, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 447. — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 205. 

Fig. 46. DELPHINOIDEA tubulata. 

Helix tubulata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 44(i. — Mai. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 204. 

Fig. 38, 39. DELPHINOIDEA reticulata. 

Helix reticulata, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 444 — Mat. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 203. 

Fig 1, 2. JANTHINA communis. 

Janthina communis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p, 20ti. 

Helix Jantliina, Brown in JVcrn. Mem. ii. p. 525 — First discovered alive in our seas by Mrs Clewlow of Belfast, 
who found tliem at Portrush, Ireland. 

Fiff. 3. BULLA alba. 



Bulla alba, Titrton in Zool. Journ. ii. p. 304, pi. 13, (ig. 5 — In the cabinet of Mr Bean of Scarborough. 

Fig. 4, 5. TORNATELLA fasciata. 

Toknatella fasciata. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 220. 
Voluta tornatilis, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 131. 

Fig. 10. JAMINIA PLicATA. 

Jaminia pHcata. 

Voluta plicata, Monl. Te.sl. Brit. p. 325, pi. 21, %. 2. 

Fig. 18. JAMINIA alba. 

Jaminia alba. 

Voluta alba, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 235. — Mai. and Rack, in Linn. Trans, viii. p. 130. 



PLATE LI. Continued. 
Fig. 6. JAMINIA denticulata. 

Jaminia denticulata. 

Voluta denticulata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 234, pi. 20, fig. 5. 

Fig. 7. JAMINIA bidentata. 

Jaminia bidentata, Mont. Test. Brit. Stip. p. 100, pi. 30, fig. 2. 

Fig. 8. JAMINIA longiuscula. 

Jaminia longiuscula. 

Buccinum longiusculum, Mont, Test. Brit. p. 248. 

Fig. 9. JAMINIA hyalina. 

Voluta hyalina, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 101, pi. 30, fig. 1. 

Fig. 11. JAMINIA QUINQUIDENS. 

Jaminia quinquidens. — A new species. Found by me at Prestonpans. — In my cabinet. 

Fig. 13. SCALARIA communis. 

So A L ARIA communis. Lam. Syst. vi. partie 2, p. 228. 
Turbo scalaris, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 296. 

Fig. 12. SCALARIA clathratulus. 

Turbo clathratulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 297- — Mat. and Rack, ifi Linn. Trans, viii. pi. 5, fig. 1 . 

Fig. 14. MARGINELLA catinata. 

Marginella catinata, 

Voluta catinata, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 236, pi. 6, fig. 2. 

Fig. 15. COLUMBELLA l^vis. 

CoLUMBELLA laevis, 

Cypraea voluta, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 203, pi. 6, fig. 7- 

Fig. 16, 17. TROCHUS subcarinatus. 

Trochus subcarinatus. Brown's MSS. 

Helix subcarinata, Monl. Test. Brit. p. 438, pi. 7, fig. 9. 

Trochus rugosus, Brown in IVern. Mem. ii. p. 520, pi. 24, fig. 5. 

Fig. 5Q. TURRITELLA terebra. ' 

TuBKixELLA terebra. Lam. Syst. vii. p. 56. 
Turbo terebra, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 293. 

Fig. 57, 58. TURRITELLA minor. 

TuKKiTELLA minor — A jiew species. Found at Tenby by George Lyons, Esq — In his cabinet. 

Fig. 5S, 54, 55. PLANARIA pellucida. 

Planaria pellucida. Brown's MSS. — A new species. Found on the coast at Dunbar by General Bingham.— In 
his cabinet. 

Fig. 48, 49. PLANARIA alba. 

Planaria alba. — Anew species. Found on the beach betwixt Dunbar and St Abbs Head bj General I^nghr.in, 
— In his cabinet. 



FL.ATJE 51 







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Thaaii Im r.tp^Bn 



PLATE LII. 

Fig. 11. NAUTILUS Beccarii. 

Nautilus Beccarii, Monl. Text Brit. p. 186, pi. 18, fig. 4. — Bromn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 12. NAUTILUS Beccarii perversus. 

Nautilus Beccarii perversus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 187, pi- 18, fig. 6. 
Nautilus perversus, Bromn in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 9, 10. NAUTILUS l^vigatulus. 

Nautilus laevigatulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 188, pi. 18, fig. T, 8 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 6. NAUTILUS crispus. 

Nautilus crispus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 187, pI- 18, fig. 5 — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 1, 2. NAUTILUS CALCAR. 

Nautilus calcar, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 189, pi. 15, fig. 4. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 3. NAUTILUS depressulus. 

Nautilus depressulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 190, pi. 18, fig. 9. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 8. NAUTILUS umbilicatulus. 

Nautilus umbilicatulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 191, pi. 18, fig. 1. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 5. NAUTILUS crassulus. 

Nautilus crassulus, Moiit. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 79, pi. 18, fig. 2. — Brown in Ency. Brit. vi. p. 426. 

Fig. 4. NAUTILUS iNFLATus. 

Nautulus inflatus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 81, pi. 18, fig. 3. 

Fig. 7. NAUTILUS carinatulus. 

Nautilus carinatulus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 195 — Adams' Micr. pi. 14, fig. 37. 

Fig. 16, 19. ORTHOCERA recta. 

Orthocera recta, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 

Nautilus rectus, Mont. Test Brit. p. 197, Sup. p. 82, pi. 19, fig. 4, 4, 7. 

Fig. 25, 28. ORTHOCERA radicula. 

Orthocera Radicula, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 

Nautilus Radicula, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 197, pl- 6, fig. 4— pi. 14, fig. 6. 

Fig. 18. ORTHOCERA subarcuata. 

Orthocera subarcuata. Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 
Nautilus subarcuatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 198. 

Fig. IS. ORTHOCERA jugosa. 

Orthocera jugosa, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 
Nautilus jugosus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 198. 



Fig. 17, 24. OKTHOCERA costata. 

OnTHOCEnA costata, Fleming in Edin, Ency. vii, p. 86. 
Nautilus costatus, Mont. Test. Brit. p. 199, pi. 14, fig. 5. 

Fig. 21, 23. ORTHOCERA legumen, 

Oktiioc-era legumen, Fleming in Edin. Enci/. vii. p. 8G. 
Nautilus legumen, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 82, pi. 19, fig. 6. 

Fig. 26. ORTHOCERA spinulosa. 

Orthoceka spinulosa, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii p. 86. 
Nautilus spinulosus, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 06, pi. 19. fig. 5. 

Fig. 14, 15. ORTHOCERA linearis. 

Orthoceka linearis, Fleming in Edin. Ency. vii. p. 86. 
Nautilus linearis, Mont. Test. Brit. Sup. p. 87, pi. 30, fig. 9. 

Fig. 22. SPIROLINA similitua. 

Spirolina similitua, Fleming in Edin, Ency. vii. p. 86. 
Nautilus similituus, Mont. Test. Brit, p. 196, pi. 19, fig. 3. 



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